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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw the structure of the amine salt produced when each of the following amines reacts with HCl.

  1. a. CH3—CH2—NH2

Chapter 6, Problem 6.49EP, Draw the structure of the amine salt produced when each of the following amines reacts with HCl. a. , example  1

Chapter 6, Problem 6.49EP, Draw the structure of the amine salt produced when each of the following amines reacts with HCl. a. , example  2

  1. b. CH3—CH2—NH—CH2—CH3

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula of the salt that is produced by reaction between ethylamine and HCl has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

Explanation

Given reaction is a reaction between ethylamine and HCl.  This is an amine‑acid reaction.  The product formed is an amine salt

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula of the salt that is produced by reaction between cyclopentylamine and HCl has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula of the salt that is produced by reaction between isopropylamine and HCl has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula of the salt that is produced by reaction between ethylethylamine and HCl has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

Neutralization reaction is the one that takes place between an acid and a base to give salt as product.  As amines are bases due to the amino group in it, the reaction with inorganic acid or carboxylic acid gives salt as product.  The salt formed is an amine salt.  Proton is donated from the acid to the nitrogen atom which acts as a proton acceptor.  In simple words, it can be said that in an amine‑acid reaction, the acid loses a hydrogen ion and amine gains a hydrogen ion.

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