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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 1

4. The increased blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate seen in the emergency department were compensatory mechanisms activated to counteract the decreased arterial oxygenation. These mechanisms __________.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The given blank space in the statement, “The increased blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate seen in the emergency department were compensatory mechanisms activated to counteract the decreased arterial oxygenation. These mechanisms _________,” is to be filled-in.

Introduction:

Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas. The incomplete combustion of a carbon-containing fossil fuel leads to the production of this gas. It is also produced as a by-product of hemoglobin degradation inside the human body.

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-1 for further information.

Explanation

Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a condition that occurs when an excessive amount of carbon monoxide is breathed in, which rapidly binds with the hemoglobin molecule with much higher affinity compared to oxygen. It leads to the formation of carboxyhemoglobin. It reduces the affinity of the free oxygen toward hemoglobin, and increases the affinity of the bound oxygen molecule, thereby making the unloading of the oxygen molecule difficult...

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