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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

Why are temperature and precipitation the two atmospheric elements most widely used as the sources of statistics for climate classification? How are these two elements used in the Köppen system to identify major climate categories?

To determine

The reason why the temperature and precipitation are the two atmospheric elements most widely used as the sources of statistics for climate classification and the way these two elements are used in the Köppen system to identify the major climate categories.

Explanation

The most common indicators used for describing the climate for a given location or region are temperature and precipitation. The temperature records were available as early as 1600s because of the invention of the thermometer, which is an instrument to reliably measure the temperature and by the early 20th century, the long-term weather records were available for temperature and precipitation. These values were used to classify the global climates.

To classify the climatic types, the last thirty years or more records of annual and monthly averages of precipitation and temperature are used. A thirty-year period is sufficient to obtain representative values for monthly, seasonal, and annual temperature and precipitation averages.

The changes in climate types are highly noticeable in the precipitation and temperature statistics for an area...

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