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Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373
BuyFind

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

8th Edition
William L. Masterton + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079373

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 7, Problem 33QAP
Textbook Problem

Predict the geometry of the following species:

(a) SeOF2 (b) TeF5-

(c) ICl4-

(d) RnF2

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The geometry corresponding to SeOF2 needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The ideal geometry adopted by various molecules can be predicted based on the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory.
  • As per the VSEPR model, since the valence electrons surrounding an atom repel each other, the orbitals containing these electrons orient themselves as far apart as possible. Such an orbital arrangement which minimizes repulsion leads to a stable geometry.

Explanation of Solution

Selenium (Se) and Oxygen (O) belong to group VI A with 6 valence electrons each electrons while fluorine (F) belongs to group VIIA with 7 valence electrons. The most stable Lewis structure for SeOF2 is as follows:

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The geometry corresponding to TeF5- needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The ideal geometry adopted by various molecules can be predicted based on the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory.
  • As per the VSEPR model, since the valence electrons surrounding an atom repel each other, the orbitals containing these electrons orient themselves as far apart as possible. Such an orbital arrangement which minimizes repulsion leads to a stable geometry.
Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The geometry corresponding to ICl4- needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The ideal geometry adopted by various molecules can be predicted based on the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory.
  • As per the VSEPR model, since the valence electrons surrounding an atom repel each other, the orbitals containing these electrons orient themselves as far apart as possible. Such an orbital arrangement which minimizes repulsion leads to a stable geometry.
Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

The geometry corresponding to RnF2 needs to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • The ideal geometry adopted by various molecules can be predicted based on the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory.
  • As per the VSEPR model, since the valence electrons surrounding an atom repel each other, the orbitals containing these electrons orient themselves as far apart as possible. Such an orbital arrangement which minimizes repulsion leads to a stable geometry.

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Chapter 7 Solutions

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
Show all chapter solutions
Ch. 7 - Dinitrogen pentoxide, N2O5, when bubbled into...Ch. 7 - Formic acid is the irritating substance that gets...Ch. 7 - Two different molecules have the formula C2H2Cl2....Ch. 7 - Two different molecules have the formula C2H6O....Ch. 7 - Give the formula of a polyatomic ion that you...Ch. 7 - Give the formula for a molecule that you would...Ch. 7 - Write a Lewis structure for (a) XeF3+ (b) PCl4+...Ch. 7 - Write a Lewis structure for (a) BCl4 (b) ClO- (c)...Ch. 7 - Write reasonable Lewis structures for the...Ch. 7 - Write reasonable Lewis structures for the...Ch. 7 - Draw possible resonance structures for (a)...Ch. 7 - Draw resonance structures for (a) SeO3 (b) CS32-...Ch. 7 - The Lewis structure for hydrazoic acid may be...Ch. 7 - The oxalate ion, C2O42-, as the skeleton structure...Ch. 7 - The skeleton structure for disulfur dinitride,...Ch. 7 - Borazine, B3N3H6, has the skeleton Draw the...Ch. 7 - What is the formal charge on the indicated atom in...Ch. 7 - Follow the directions in Question 27 for (a)...Ch. 7 - Below are two different Lewis structures for...Ch. 7 - Below are two different Lewis structures for the...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Predict the geometry of the following species: (a)...Ch. 7 - Give all the ideal bond angles (109.5, 120, or...Ch. 7 - Follow the instructions in Question 37 for (a)...Ch. 7 - Peroxypropionyl nitrate (PPN) is an eye irritant...Ch. 7 - An objectionable component of smog is acetyl...Ch. 7 - The uracil molecule is one of the bases in DNA....Ch. 7 - Niacin is one of the B vitamins (B3). Estimate the...Ch. 7 - Which of the species with octets in Question 31...Ch. 7 - Which of the species with octets in Question 32...Ch. 7 - Which of the species with octets in Question 33...Ch. 7 - Which of the species with octets in Question 34...Ch. 7 - There are three compounds with the formula...Ch. 7 - There are two different molecules with the formula...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom in each...Ch. 7 - In each of the following polyatomic ions, the...Ch. 7 - Follow the directions of Question 55 for the...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of each atom (except H) in...Ch. 7 - Acrylonitrile, C3H3N is the building mer Orlon....Ch. 7 - What is the hybridization of nitrogen inCh. 7 - What is the hybridization of carbon inCh. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom...Ch. 7 - Give the hybridization of the central atom...Ch. 7 - Give the number of sigma and pi bonds in the...Ch. 7 - Give the number of sigma and pi bonds in the...Ch. 7 - Give the number of sigma and pi bonds in each...Ch. 7 - Give the number of sigma and pi bonds in each...Ch. 7 - In which of the following molecules does the...Ch. 7 - Consider the pyrosulfate ion, S2O72-. It has no...Ch. 7 - Consider acetyl salicylic acid, better known as...Ch. 7 - Complete the table on next page.Ch. 7 - Given the following electro negativities...Ch. 7 - Based on the concept of formal charge, what is the...Ch. 7 - Describe the geometry of the species in which...Ch. 7 - Consider the following molecules: SiH4, PH3, H2S....Ch. 7 - Give the formula of an ion or molecule in which an...Ch. 7 - In each of the following molecules, a central atom...Ch. 7 - Explain the meaning of the following terms. (a)...Ch. 7 - A compound of chlorine and fluorine, CIFx, reacts...Ch. 7 - Draw the Lewis structure and describe the geometry...Ch. 7 - Consider the polyatomic ion IO65-. How many pairs...Ch. 7 - It is possible to write a simple Lewis structure...Ch. 7 - Phosphoryl chloride, POCl3, has the skeleton...

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