BuyFindarrow_forward

Biochemistry

9th Edition
Mary K. Campbell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305961135

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biochemistry

9th Edition
Mary K. Campbell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305961135
Chapter 7, Problem 58RE
Textbook Problem
1 views

RECALL List three coenzymes and their functions.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The three coenzymes and their functions are to be enlisted.

Concept Introduction:

Coenzymes are the small organic molecules that provide a varied set of reactive groups to a protein enzyme, thus diversify the catalysis beyond the amino acid chemistries of side-chains.

There are coenzymes that are mainly vitamins or are metabolically related to vitamins.

Explanation of Solution

Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD+)

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is involved in many oxidation-reduction reactions. It is divided structurally into three parts: a nicotinamide ring, an adenine ring, as well as two sugar-phosphate groups. Nicotinic acid is another name of the niacin vitamin. They all are linked with each other as illustrated in the diagram below.

The functions of NAD+ are:

It is involved in the transfer of electrons from one molecule to another in the metabolic reactions.

The reduced compounds, such as glucose and fatty acids, are oxidized to release the energy. The energy is transferred to the NAD+ via the reduction of NADH in the metabolic reactions, like beta-oxidation, glycolysis, and TCA (citric acid cycle).

It is also used in non-redox reactions, like ADP ribose transfer reactions, where ADP-ribose moiety is transferred to the protein molecules in post-translational modification.

It can also be added to the cellular RNA as 5’-terminal modification...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 7 Solutions

Biochemistry
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 7 - RECALL Does the behavior of allosteric enzymes...Ch. 7 - RECALL Explain what is meant by K0.5.Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain the experiment used to...Ch. 7 - RECALL Distinguish between the concerted and...Ch. 7 - RECALL Which allosteric model can explain negative...Ch. 7 - RECALL With the concerted model, what conditions...Ch. 7 - RECALL With respect to the concerted model, what...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Is it possible to envision...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What has been the...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is a main reason for...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What are three advantages...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS How does Valium work?Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS Why is taking too much...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What are two recent...Ch. 7 - RECALL What is the function of a protein kinase?Ch. 7 - RECALL What amino acids are often phosphorylated...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY What are some possible...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain how phosphorylation is...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain how glycogen...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is the natural...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is the relationship...Ch. 7 - RECALL Name three proteins that are subject to the...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS List three proteases and...Ch. 7 - RECALL What are caspases?Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain why cleavage of the bond...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Why is it necessary or...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Why is it necessary or...Ch. 7 - RECALL What is apoptosis?Ch. 7 - RECALL What diseases are linked to apoptosis?Ch. 7 - RECALL What are the two essential amino acids in...Ch. 7 - RECALL Why does the enzyme reaction for...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Briefly describe the role of...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain the function of...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain why the second phase of...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain how the pKa for...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY An inhibitor that specifically...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY What properties of metal ions...Ch. 7 - RECALL In biochemistry mechanisms, what group is...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY What is meant by general acid...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain the difference between...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Which of the two reaction...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY An experiment is performed to...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY What would be the...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY What is the relationship between...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Explain how a researcher makes...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS Why can cocaine addiction...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS Explain how abzymes can be...Ch. 7 - RECALL List three coenzymes and their functions.Ch. 7 - RECALL How are coenzymes related to vitamins?Ch. 7 - RECALL What type of reaction uses vitamin B6?Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Suggest a role for coenzymes...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY An enzyme uses NAD+ as a...Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What is green chemistry?Ch. 7 - BIOCHEMICAL CONNECTIONS What are some of the ways...Ch. 7 - RECALL What is a retromer?Ch. 7 - RECALL What is the proposed role of retromers in...Ch. 7 - REFLECT AND APPLY Fighting Alzheimers disease by...Ch. 7 - RECALL How are researches working with extended...Ch. 7 - RECALL What is the most significant difference...Ch. 7 - RECALL What enzymes are known to be involved in...Ch. 7 - RECALL What proteins are involved in the formation...Ch. 7 - RECALL Describe what happens according to the...Ch. 7 - RECALL Why would doctors not want to just...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
How can you be sure that giant stars really are Larger than main- sequence stars?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Which of the following is correct concerning fruits that have been irradiated? They decay and ripen more slowly...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Give systematic names to the following binary compounds. a HI b P2O5 c AsH3 d ClO2

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Provide two reasons why meiosis leads to genetic variation in diploid organisms.

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

An air-filled parallel-plate capacitor has plates of area 2.30 cm2 separated by 1.50 mm. (a) Find the value of ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)