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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

Which is a true statement concerning fats?

  1. a. Infants need a higher percentage of their daily calories from fat than children and adults.
  2. b. Breast milk is lower in fat than standard infant formulas.
  3. c. Long-chain fatty acids are not needed for healthy infants in the first year.
  4. d. Fat restriction can be initiated in the first year for infants who were born at term.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Fat constitutes a major component of the infant diet. It is an important source of energy and is easy to store. It also forms an important component for the growth and development of many structural and physiological components of infant’s body such as cell membrane, the endrocrine system and neurological components.

Explanation

Reason for the correct answer:

Option a. is given as “Infants need a higher percentage of their daily calories from fat than children and adults”.

Energy requirement is high in infant than children and adult as they more regularly use fat for generating energy. They need per kg of their weight than children and adults. Therefore, they use fats as a source of energy in muscle, liver, brain and heart which increases their need for a higher percentage of their daily calories from fat than children and adults.

Hence, option a. is correct.

Reasons for the incorrect answers:

Option b. is given as “Breast milk is lower in fat than standard infant formulas”.

Breast milk is rich in fat content and can be easily absorbed by the infant from the milk as compared to standard infant formulas...

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