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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

Which is a true statement about limiting nutrients in infancy?

  1. a.      Iron supplementation is initiated when infants arc 6 months of age.
  2. b.      Vitamin D supplementation is needed in breastfed infants because the content is low in breast milk.
  3. c.       Low intake of dietary fiber is a common cause of constipation in infants.
  4. d.      Fluoride is not needed until teeth start erupting in late infancy.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: The first year of infancy is a period of rapid growth and development. During the first six months after birth, massive brain development occurs in terms of neuronal plasticity. Therefore, it is necessary to provide adequate nutrition to the growing infants and ensure that any vital nutrient is not missing during this period. Deficiency of some nutrients, known as limiting nutrients, can limit the normal growth and development of the infants.

Explanation

Reason for the correct answer:

Option b. is given as “Vitamin D supplementation is needed in breastfed infants because the content is low in breast milk”.

Vitamin D deficiency in mother leads to lack of vitamin D content in mother’s milk. This may cause low vitamin D status in case of breastfed infants. In most women, vitamin D deficiency is commonly observed. Therefore, vitamin D supplementation is necessary for breastfed infants to compensate the vitamin D deficiency in mother milk.

Hence, option b. is correct.

Reasons for the incorrect answer:

Option a. is given as “Iron supplementation is initiated when infants are 6 months of age”.

Iron is a limiting nutrient in infancy but its supplementation should be initiated when infants are four months of age.

Hence, option a. is a wrong answer...

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