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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 8, Problem 64E
Textbook Problem
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Why do nations stockpile nuclear weapons instead of simply maintaining larger numbers of military troops?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason for the stockpiling of nuclear weapons is to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Nuclear weapons are explosive devices which release a large amount of energy by nuclear fusion reaction and nuclear fission reaction. Stockpiling of nuclear weapons means accumulation of a large stock of nuclear weapons by countries.

Explanation of Solution

Nuclear weapons release a large amount of energy which causes explosion. They are more powerful than military troops. Nine countries in the world possess a total of 14575 nuclear weapons...

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Chapter 8 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 8 - Which problem is not associated with nuclear power...Ch. 8 - Why do fusion and fission both give off energy? a....Ch. 8 - On a molecular level, explain how radioactivity...Ch. 8 - For each of the following scientists, explain...Ch. 8 - Explain the differences among alpha, beta, and...Ch. 8 - Explain what is meant by half-life. What is its...Ch. 8 - Where is radon found, and why is it a potential...Ch. 8 - Describe nuclear fission, and write a nuclear...Ch. 8 - Who persuaded Roosevelt to put forth the resources...Ch. 8 - What is a critical mass, and how does it relate to...Ch. 8 - Explain the importance of each of the following...Ch. 8 - Describe experiments termed tickling the dragon....Ch. 8 - What is the difference between the fission...Ch. 8 - Describe the two designs, Fat Man and Little Boy,...Ch. 8 - What drove the scientists involved in the...Ch. 8 - Sketch a nuclear reactor, and explain how fission...Ch. 8 - Define mass defect and nuclear binding energy.Ch. 8 - Where does the energy associated with nuclear...Ch. 8 - What is the China syndrome?Ch. 8 - What are the two main problems associated with...Ch. 8 - What is being done to deal with nuclear waste?Ch. 8 - Describe the accidents at Three Mile Island,...Ch. 8 - What is fusion? Write a nuclear equation to...Ch. 8 - What are the technical difficulties associated...Ch. 8 - Explain the meaning of Q for fusion. What values...Ch. 8 - Explain the difference between exposure to...Ch. 8 - How does radiation affect humans at low exposures...Ch. 8 - Can radiation induce genetic changes in humans or...Ch. 8 - Explain how C-14 dating and U-238 dating work.Ch. 8 - According to U-238 dating techniques, what is the...Ch. 8 - Why can radiation, which is known to induce...Ch. 8 - How is radiation used to obtain images of internal...Ch. 8 - Writing Nuclear Equations Write nuclear equations...Ch. 8 - Write nuclear equations to represent each process:...Ch. 8 - Fill in the blank for each of the following...Ch. 8 - Fill in the blank for each of the following...Ch. 8 - Write a set of nuclear equations to represent the...Ch. 8 - Write a set of nuclear equations to represent the...Ch. 8 - Francium-223 decays to polonium-215 via three...Ch. 8 - Bismuth-215 decays to bismuth-211 via three decay...Ch. 8 - Half-Life I-131 has a half-life of 8.04 days. If a...Ch. 8 - Tc-99 is often used in medicine and has a half-...Ch. 8 - If the decay of each Tc-99 atom in problem 40...Ch. 8 - Nuclear Fission and Fusion Write a nuclear...Ch. 8 - Uranium-235 undergoes neutron-induced fission to...Ch. 8 - Write a nuclear equation to represent the fusion...Ch. 8 - The fusion of H-3 with H-l forms H-4. Write a...Ch. 8 - Radiation Exposure If a man is exposed to...Ch. 8 - If a woman is exposed to 0.57mSv/yr of radiation...Ch. 8 - Carbon and Uranium Dating The carbon in a fossil...Ch. 8 - The carbon in a human skull found in South America...Ch. 8 - The C-14 in an ancient scroll is 50% of that found...Ch. 8 - The C-14 in the skeleton of a wooly mammoth is...Ch. 8 - The percentages of uranium and lead in a meteorite...Ch. 8 - A rock that was originally all uranium contains...Ch. 8 - Nuclear Medicine A patient is given 0.080 mg of...Ch. 8 - A radioactive medical sample contains 2.88...Ch. 8 - Even though his discovery was fortuitous,...Ch. 8 - Several medical applications require the ingestion...Ch. 8 - Several radioactive isotopes are present in a...Ch. 8 - Could terrorists build a nuclear bomb from uranium...Ch. 8 - In Chapter 1, we learned that Lavoisier formulated...Ch. 8 - Why do nations stockpile nuclear weapons instead...Ch. 8 - Should we have dropped the bomb on unpopulated...Ch. 8 - It is clearly unethical to study the effects of...Ch. 8 - Is it ethical to intentionally expose animals to...Ch. 8 - The figure below represents the decay of N-16 by...Ch. 8 - The figure below represents the decay of Na-20 by...

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