Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics
Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics
8th Edition
ISBN: 9781118412930
Author: Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner, Margaret B. Bailey
Publisher: WILEY
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Question
Chapter 8.6, Problem 1E
To determine

The electrical brownouts and blackouts; and their causes.

Expert Solution & Answer
Check Mark

Explanation of Solution

The intentional voltage drop in electrical power system is termed as electrical brownout. It is used for the load reduction in an emergency. The reduction lasts for the minutes or hours, as opposed to short-term voltage sag (dip).

Electrical brownout can cause poor performance of equipment in addition to even wrong operation, data loss, and equipment damages.

Electrical blackout is the total loss of electrical power to an area. It is one of the most severe form of power outage that can occur. Blackouts that results in power station trippings are particularly difficult to recover quickly.

Blackouts can cause the reduction in the load to avoid the power outage.

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Chapter 8 Solutions

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics

Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 11ECh. 8.6 - Prob. 12ECh. 8.6 - Prob. 13ECh. 8.6 - Prob. 1CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 2CUCh. 8.6 - 3. The component of the Rankine cycle in which the...Ch. 8.6 - 4. A cycle that couples two vapor cycles so the...Ch. 8.6 - 5. The ratio of the pump work input to the work...Ch. 8.6 - 6. A shell-and-tube-type recuperator in which the...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 7CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 8CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 9CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 10CUCh. 8.6 - 11. An example of an external irreversibility...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 12CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 13CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 14CUCh. 8.6 - 15. A direct-contact–type heat exchanger found in...Ch. 8.6 - 16. The component of a regenerative vapor power...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 17CUCh. 8.6 - 18. A Rankine cycle that employs an organic...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 19CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 20CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 21CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 22CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 23CUCh. 8.6 - 24. The purpose of deaeration is ______________. Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 25CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 26CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 27CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 28CUCh. 8.6 - 29. The total cost associated with a power plant...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 30CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 31CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 32CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 33CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 34CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 35CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 36CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 37CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 38CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 39CUCh. 8.6 - 40. For a vapor power cycle with and , the...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 41CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 42CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 43CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 44CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 45CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 46CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 47CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 48CUCh. 8.6 - Prob. 49CUCh. 8.6 - 50. In a binary cycle, energy discharged by heat...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 1PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 2PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 3PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 6PCh. 8.6 - 8.7 Water is the working fluid in an ideal Rankine...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 8PCh. 8.6 - 8.10 Water is the working fluid in an ideal...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 12PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 13PCh. 8.6 - 8.14 On the south coast of the island of Hawaii,...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 15PCh. 8.6 - 8.17. Water is the working fluid in a Rankine...Ch. 8.6 - 8.19 Water is the working fluid in a Rankine...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 20PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 21PCh. 8.6 - 8.22 Superheated steam at 8 MPa and 480°C leaves...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 23PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 25PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 26PCh. 8.6 - 8.27 Steam is the working fluid in the ideal...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 28PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 29PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 30PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 31PCh. 8.6 - 8.32 An ideal Rankine cycle with reheat uses water...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 33PCh. 8.6 - 8.34 Steam at 4800 lbf/in.2, 1000℉ enters the...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 35PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 37PCh. 8.6 - 8.38 For the cycle of Problem 8.37, reconsider the...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 39PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 40PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 41PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 42PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 43PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 44PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 45PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 46PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 47PCh. 8.6 - 8.48 For the cycle of Problem 8.47, investigate...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 49PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 50PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 51PCh. 8.6 - 8.52 As indicated in Fig. P8.52, a power plant...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 53PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 54PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 55PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 56PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 57PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 58PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 59PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 60PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 61PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 63PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 64PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 65PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 66PCh. 8.6 - 8.67 Water is the working fluid in a Rankine cycle...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 68PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 69PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 70PCh. 8.6 - 8.72 Water is the working fluid in a...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 73PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 74PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 75PCh. 8.6 - 8.76 A binary vapor power cycle consists of two...Ch. 8.6 - A binary vapor cycle consists of two Rankine...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 78PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 79PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 80PCh. 8.6 - 8.81 Figure P8.81 shows a combined heat and power...Ch. 8.6 - 8.82 Figure P8.82 shows a cogeneration cycle that...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 83PCh. 8.6 - 8.84 The steam generator of a vapor power plant...Ch. 8.6 - 8.85 Determine the exergy input, in kJ per kg of...Ch. 8.6 - 8.86 In the steam generator of the cycle of...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 87PCh. 8.6 - 8.88 Determine the rate of exergy input, in Btu/h,...Ch. 8.6 - Prob. 89PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 90PCh. 8.6 - Prob. 91PCh. 8.6 - 8.92 Figure P8.92 provides steady-state operating...Ch. 8.6 - 8.93 Steam enters the turbine of a simple vapor...
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