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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 2

1. Because the patient had not taken her insulin as prescribed, what type of acid accumulated in her blood?

Summary Introduction

Case summary:

A woman of age 44 years was found unconscious in the living room by her husband. She was quickly taken to a hospital. The vital signs showed that the blood pressure was slightly high, the heart beat was increased, and the blood sugar levels were also elevated.

Characters in the case:

44 year old woman, her husband, and the physician.

Adequate information:

After giving insulin therapy to the patient, the vital signs came down.

To determine:

The type of acid that might get accumulated in the blood of the patient if the patient had not taken her insulin.

Explanation

Diabetes is a medical condition wherein the blood glucose level of an individual is abnormally high. The beta cells present in the pancreas of an individual releases insulin, which helps in regulating the blood glucose level. A diabetic patient needs to maintain the level of glucose by taking insulin as prescribed.

Ketoacidosis is the most serious acute symptom of diabetes. It occurs because of the unrestrained oxidation of fatty acids. A release of large amounts of ketone bodies leads to the exceeding of the body’s ability to oxidize them...

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