Methodology 1. Introduction This chapter will first talk about survey in general, and then will present a brief discussion of the methods that supposed to be used in this research to investigate general English language teachers’ conceptions and beliefs about CLT implementation in some Libyan universities. as well as explore what might be the issues that hinder such teachers from applying CLT in their classes. Additionally, this chapter will present a theoretical background of the questionnaire and interview methods. This will be followed by presenting the stages of data collection, as well as the data analysis procedures. As it will also present an overview of an ethical consideration. 2. Research Methods Research method is usually split …show more content…
This method can provide a prospect for discussion, explanation, amplification and the validation of data (Jang et al. 2008). Therefore, the purpose of this method is to achieve full and well understanding of the target issues (Dornyei 2007). However, according to Bryman (2008), it may be argued that combining both qualitative and quantitative approaches perhaps would not be useful according to the variation of their epistemological assumptions. Despite this weakness, this approach can be very useful and beneficial for exploring and investigating teachers’ beliefs on the implantation of CLT in Libyan universities. This mixed method generated adequate information for responding to the research questions. In Gass and Machey’s (2007) view, mingling both quantitative and qualitative approaches in one single study through two stages could be possible. They recommend that after the organisation of the questionnaire (quantitative), the researcher can utilise follow-up semi-structured interviews (qualitative) to gather deep information and better understanding for specific issue. The implementation of CLT in this research may possibly be understood better through utilising ‘written or verbal’ questions; this is because it might lead teachers to reflect critically on their perspectives
Research methodology generally involves qualitative research or quantitative research, or a mixture of both. A quantitative research methodology involves the analysis of data collected from a large number of surveys or interviews. On the other hand, methodologies for qualitative research often involve using surveys or interviews to collect information about people — their attitudes, experiences and behaviors.
girls’ body image: Gendered ideals and sociocultural influences, Body Image, Volume 10, Issue 4, 2013, Pages 591-598, ISSN 1740-1445, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2013.07.006.
Two techniques were used in collecting participants for the sample of the study. The first technique involved getting the approval of a Citrus Professor and administering surveys to students in their class after the lecture was completed. Before dispensing the surveys, students were instructed by the researchers to thoroughly, read over the consent form. In addition to this technique, researchers approach random students on campus and ask if they will be willing to take a short survey. The students then were briefly told about the purpose of the study, which was to see if there was a correlation between relationship satisfaction and academic performance, and then asked to read and give consent before participating.
In doing the research, the methodology must be appropriate so that the analysis findings could reach the objective. Research methodology proposed one procedure in order way to be follow to answer all the questions in the research that want to be made. Quoted by Denzin and Lincoln (1994), methodology is a process that related with research objective and data. In the others word, it is early research planning that include the research scope, data collection method, data collection process and data analysis method. For Ranjit (2005), methodology is one of crucial part in research, in order to ensure the research can be done in the systematic way Overall, this chapter will discuss on the research frame and the methodologies used in order to meet the research objectives. Research process been divided into three main parts there are preliminary research part, data collection and last one data analysis.
To gain my secondary information I used such sources as the Internet, books and midwifery journals. My secondary information will consist of the benefits of breast-feeding for the mother and baby, the benefits of bottle-feeding for the mother and baby as well as statistics on breast-feeding. All information that I have gained for my secondary data is all reliable, because it has come from recommended sites, books and journals that have been approved from the Government or from hospitals and doctors themselves.
In order to ensure that quantitative data is obtained from an acceptable instrument, it is necessary to determine the validity and reliability of the instrument being used. It is important to minimize subjectivity in quantitative research. The researcher must ensure that the surveys, questionnaires, and tests, used are not open for interpretation or the results may be skewed. Researchers can verify the usefulness of an instrument through validity and reliability. Validity “refers to the extent to
The current infrastructure of Air Force Reserve (AFR) medical unit offers various problems and possible solutions for research and study as we continue into the 21st century. However, research methodologies and the availability of information offers opportunities into understanding and gaining knowledge pertaining to leadership, management and the culture as it pertains to the organization. This paper will delve into the qualitative aspect of research methodology and the methods of literature reviews and surveys as tools for gather information, knowledge, cause and effect of hypotheses as they relate to leadership and organizational culture. A discussion of general limitations and research methodology for the final
For my study I will have at minimum 20 participants in my independent variable group. All demographics will be allowed to participate in the mentioned study with the allotment that they’re of or above the age of 18 but under the age of 30 (because that’s when the supposed state of adolescence actually ends). My disposition is to create a Google survey and possibly post the link on twitter as well as sending out the survey to some classmates and students from different universities. Physical copies will be given to a number of my employees and members of my church. Individuals that complete my survey will be completely anonyms to me. Furthermore, because this is a completely voluntary survey, the participants will
Analyze of research in averagely can be accounted as an aim for understanding or a systematic study in search of information to shape or accept achievable facts. There are two mainly different ways of research. First, there is the basic research that appears not to go into the study field and the second, way is the applied research that studies given area into the aspect. It applies to resolve, understand and advance the methods and systems that are used in the search for human understanding of abnormal matters to do with the society. Research also can apply to advance the scientific and technical levels of knowledge that are applicable in the society. Other research challenges may apply to raise the information and knowledge about nature,
Studying research method was not a new experience since I have studied about it in my under graduate school. In comparison from the previous one I had, ULMS 515 Applied Research Methods Module has enhanced my understanding about how to conduct a research in an appropriate way to be implemented in the real world setting. I learned to appreciate the nature of research and the research process in academic and practical contexts. This module also enables me to develop my understanding in the differences between primary and secondary data, the awareness to carefully identify research methods and technique related to data collection. This brings me to be able to identify the suitable methods for collecting data and analysing data that will result in the answer of the research question.
In selecting a research methodology, researchers must approach the subject matter with consideration of that which is desired as a data outcome. In light of this, the most commonly used methodologies are quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods. The quantitative study is usually defined so as a result of a clearly delineated range of numerical scales, sets or representations designed to concretely define the findings of the resultant research. By its hypothesis and its methodology, this study will be required to employ a process which is geared toward empirically defensible findings. The determinism of numerical evaluation is widely considered less vulnerable to individual biases unless it can be deduced that such bias informed the composition of the equation methodology.
Qualitative research method was suitable and adopted to deal with the study objectives since the research was more naturalistic, participant driven and comprehensive (Ciceu, 2015) as well as inquiring.
Whereas, in the qualitative method, the quantity of participants in much smaller and signifies a purpose, meaning, the sampling of participants is prearranged as consistent foundations of the material being pursued after. The principal differences in the methods of research are found in the outcome of the conclusions and the way the conclusions are conveyed. The quantitative method uses the conclusions acquired in the study to prove a theory and endorse methods of to be taken with the subject of the study. The conclusions of a qualitative study are principally exploratory and strive to give clarifications and explanations of the study subject.
Research Methodology is an approach to discover the consequence of a given issue on a particular matter or issue that is likewise alluded as examination issue. In Methodology, scientist utilizes distinctive criteria for tackling/seeking the given problem. Diverse sources use distinctive sort of strategies for taking care of the problem. In the event that we consider "Approach", it is the method for seeking or taking care of the exploration issue. (Modern Research Institute, 2010).