The Johari Window Model

Satisfactory Essays
Johari Window
A model for self-awareness, personal development, group development and understanding relationship

Adapted from, © Copyright alan chapman 2003

The Johari Window model
A simple and useful tool for understanding and training selfawareness, personal development, improving communications, interpersonal relationships, group dynamics, team development and intergroup relationships Developed by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the 1950's, calling it 'Johari' after combining their first names, Joe and Harry Especially relevant due to emphasis on, and influence of, 'soft' skills, behaviour, empathy, cooperation, inter-group development and interpersonal development

The model
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bers tend to have larger open areas than new team members New members start with relatively small open areas because relatively little knowledge about the new team member is shared Other members can help a team member expand their open area by offering feedback The size of the open area can also be expanded vertically downwards into the hidden or avoided space by the person's disclosure of information, feelings, etc about him/herself to the team and team members Can help a person expand their open area into the hidden area by asking the person about him/herself

Increasing open area through feedback solicitation
Increasing the open area , by reduction of the blind area, by asking for and then receiving feedback Can also be developed through the process of disclosure, which reduces the hidden area The unknown area can be reduced in different ways: by others' observation (which increases the blind area); by self-discovery (which increases the hidden area), or by mutual enlightenment - via group experiences and discussion which increases the open area as the unknown area reduces

1 Open/Free Area 2 Hidden Area Blind Area


4 Unknown Area

Managers and Leaders
Play an important role in facilitating feedback and disclosure among group members, and in directly giving feedback to individuals about their own blind areas Also have a big responsibility to promote a culture and expectation for open, honest, positive, helpful, constructive, sensitive communications, and
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