RTT1 Task 2 Never events are serious medical errors that are often preventable. When such events transpire, it is necessary to fully assess the situation so that these errors can be prevented in the future. Root cause analysis (RCA) is a tool employed by healthcare facilities to analyze adverse events and the systems that lead to them.
A. Root Cause Analysis
“A central tenet of RCA is to identify underlying problems that increase the likelihood of errors while avoiding the trap of focusing on mistakes by individuals” (AHRQ, 2012). The emphasis of RCA is on error prevention. It is a structured process of gathering data regarding the event, analyzing the information, and finding solutions to the problems to prevent reoccurrences. A…show more content… There was additional backup staff present (including a respiratory therapist) that could have been called upon for help, yet they never were. The charge nurse or nurse supervisor could have stepped in at this point to provide additional help. A lack of present nursing staff and support can lead to unfavorable patient outcomes, as is the case with Mr. B. Additionally, the staff on duty could have lacked training regarding protocols or their training could have been out of date.
A1. Errors or Hazards
Not only did insufficient staffing contribute to the causes of this particular event, but human error also played a significant role. When Mr. B arrived at the ED, he was hyperventilating. His leg “appeared shortened.” He had edema in his calf, ecchymosis, limited ROM, and he rated his pain at a ten out of ten. Mr. B also had a history of prostate cancer, impaired glucose tolerance, elevated cholesterol and lipids, and chronic pain. He was admitted to the ED with a plan to relocate his hip. Dr. T ordered diazepam 5.0 mg to be administered through IVP and then just five minutes later ordered 2.0 mg hydromorphone to be administered because it appeared that the diazepam was not having the intended sedating effect. Again, just five minutes later, Dr. T was still not satisfied with the level of sedation and instructed the nurse to