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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343
Chapter 10, Problem 10.30QP
Textbook Problem
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A neutral molecule is identified as a tetrafluoride, XF4, where X is an unknown atom. If the molocule has a dipole moment of 0.63 D, can you give some possibilities for the identity of X?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The possibilities for identifying the molecule (X) have to be given.

To identify the molecule (X)

Explanation of Solution

Possibilities to Identify X:

There could be four , five or six pairs of electrons in neutral atom that has form of XF4 .

  1. a) The geometry of the molecule would be tetrahedral if it has four bonding pairs and no lone pairs.

The molecule would have symmetric and non polar nature.

  1. b) The geometry of the molecule could also be square planar if has four bonding pairs and two lone pairs.

The molecule would have symmetric and non polar nature.

  1. c) The geometry of the molecule could also be seesaw if has four bonding pairs and one lone pair.

The molecule would have non symmetric shape and polar nature.

The description (c) suits the best for the compound with dipole moment 0.63D

The number of outermost electrons in XF4 has to be known

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Chapter 10 Solutions

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)
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