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Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337694193

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Discrete Mathematics With Applicat...

5th Edition
EPP + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337694193
Textbook Problem
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a. Show that for any integer n 1 , 0 23 n 4 + 8 n 2 + 4 n 35 n 4 .
b. Show that for any integer n 1 , 23 n 4 23 n 4 + 8 n 2 + 4 n .
c. Sketch a graph to illustrate the result of parts (a) and (b).
d. Use the O- and Ω -notations to express the results of parts (a) and (b).
e. What can you deduce about the order of 23 n 4 + 8 n 2 + 4 n ?

To determine

(a)

To prove:

The function 23n4+8n2+4n is greater than or equal 0 and less than or equal 35n4 for n1.

Explanation

Given information:

The functions 23n4+8n2+4n and 35n4 are defined on n and all n are positive integers where n1.

Proof:

Let f(n)=23n4+8n2+4n.

It is clear that for any integer n0, f(n) is greater than or equal zero.

As an example,

let n=1,f(n=1)=23(1)4+8(1)2+4(1)=23+8+4=35

Hence, f(1)0

Therefore, f(n)0 for any integer n0.

Also, when n=1, f(1)=35 as we proved previously.

Then,

f(n=1)=35=35(1)=35(1)4f(n=1)=35(n)4

Let’s assume that f(p)35p4 for any integer n=p where n>1.

Hence,

f(p)=23p4+8p2+4p35p4

when n=p+1 ,

f(p+1)=23(p+1)4+8(p+1)2+4(p+1)=23(p4+4p3+6p2+4p+1)+8(p2+2p+1)+4p+4=(23p4+8p2+4p)+(92p3+138p2+112p+35)f

To determine

(b)

To prove:

The function 23n4+8n2+4n is greater than or equal 23n4 for n1.

To determine

(c)

To graph:

An illustration about the variation of the functions in previous part(a.) and party(b.)

( 023n4+8n2+4n35n4 and 23n4+8n2+4n23n4 )

To determine

(d)

The relationship between the functions 23n4+8n2+4n, 35n4 and 23n4 in the notations of O and Ω.

To determine

(e)

The order of the functions 23n4+8n2+4n

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Chapter 11 Solutions

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Sect-11.1 P-5ESSect-11.1 P-6ESSect-11.1 P-7ESSect-11.1 P-8ESSect-11.1 P-9ESSect-11.1 P-10ESSect-11.1 P-11ESSect-11.1 P-12ESSect-11.1 P-13ESSect-11.1 P-14ESSect-11.1 P-15ESSect-11.1 P-16ESSect-11.1 P-17ESSect-11.1 P-18ESSect-11.1 P-19ESSect-11.1 P-20ESSect-11.1 P-21ESSect-11.1 P-22ESSect-11.1 P-23ESSect-11.1 P-24ESSect-11.1 P-25ESSect-11.1 P-26ESSect-11.1 P-27ESSect-11.1 P-28ESSect-11.2 P-1TYSect-11.2 P-2TYSect-11.2 P-3TYSect-11.2 P-4TYSect-11.2 P-5TYSect-11.2 P-6TYSect-11.2 P-1ESSect-11.2 P-2ESSect-11.2 P-3ESSect-11.2 P-4ESSect-11.2 P-5ESSect-11.2 P-6ESSect-11.2 P-7ESSect-11.2 P-8ESSect-11.2 P-9ESSect-11.2 P-10ESSect-11.2 P-11ESSect-11.2 P-12ESSect-11.2 P-13ESSect-11.2 P-14ESSect-11.2 P-15ESSect-11.2 P-16ESSect-11.2 P-17ESSect-11.2 P-18ESSect-11.2 P-19ESSect-11.2 P-20ESSect-11.2 P-21ESSect-11.2 P-22ESSect-11.2 P-23ESSect-11.2 P-24ESSect-11.2 P-25ESSect-11.2 P-26ESSect-11.2 P-27ESSect-11.2 P-28ESSect-11.2 P-29ESSect-11.2 P-30ESSect-11.2 P-31ESSect-11.2 P-32ESSect-11.2 P-33ESSect-11.2 P-34ESSect-11.2 P-35ESSect-11.2 P-36ESSect-11.2 P-37ESSect-11.2 P-38ESSect-11.2 P-39ESSect-11.2 P-40ESSect-11.2 P-41ESSect-11.2 P-42ESSect-11.2 P-43ESSect-11.2 P-44ESSect-11.2 P-45ESSect-11.2 P-46ESSect-11.2 P-47ESSect-11.2 P-48ESSect-11.2 P-49ESSect-11.2 P-50ESSect-11.2 P-51ESSect-11.3 P-1TYSect-11.3 P-2TYSect-11.3 P-3TYSect-11.3 P-1ESSect-11.3 P-2ESSect-11.3 P-3ESSect-11.3 P-4ESSect-11.3 P-5ESSect-11.3 P-6ESSect-11.3 P-7ESSect-11.3 P-8ESSect-11.3 P-9ESSect-11.3 P-10ESSect-11.3 P-11ESSect-11.3 P-12ESSect-11.3 P-13ESSect-11.3 P-14ESSect-11.3 P-15ESSect-11.3 P-16ESSect-11.3 P-17ESSect-11.3 P-18ESSect-11.3 P-19ESSect-11.3 P-20ESSect-11.3 P-21ESSect-11.3 P-22ESSect-11.3 P-23ESSect-11.3 P-24ESSect-11.3 P-25ESSect-11.3 P-26ESSect-11.3 P-27ESSect-11.3 P-28ESSect-11.3 P-29ESSect-11.3 P-30ESSect-11.3 P-31ESSect-11.3 P-32ESSect-11.3 P-33ESSect-11.3 P-34ESSect-11.3 P-35ESSect-11.3 P-36ESSect-11.3 P-37ESSect-11.3 P-38ESSect-11.3 P-39ESSect-11.3 P-40ESSect-11.3 P-41ESSect-11.3 P-42ESSect-11.3 P-43ESSect-11.4 P-1TYSect-11.4 P-2TYSect-11.4 P-3TYSect-11.4 P-4TYSect-11.4 P-5TYSect-11.4 P-1ESSect-11.4 P-2ESSect-11.4 P-3ESSect-11.4 P-4ESSect-11.4 P-5ESSect-11.4 P-6ESSect-11.4 P-7ESSect-11.4 P-8ESSect-11.4 P-9ESSect-11.4 P-10ESSect-11.4 P-11ESSect-11.4 P-12ESSect-11.4 P-13ESSect-11.4 P-14ESSect-11.4 P-15ESSect-11.4 P-16ESSect-11.4 P-17ESSect-11.4 P-18ESSect-11.4 P-19ESSect-11.4 P-20ESSect-11.4 P-21ESSect-11.4 P-22ESSect-11.4 P-23ESSect-11.4 P-24ESSect-11.4 P-25ESSect-11.4 P-26ESSect-11.4 P-27ESSect-11.4 P-28ESSect-11.4 P-29ESSect-11.4 P-30ESSect-11.4 P-31ESSect-11.4 P-32ESSect-11.4 P-33ESSect-11.4 P-34ESSect-11.4 P-35ESSect-11.4 P-36ESSect-11.4 P-37ESSect-11.4 P-38ESSect-11.4 P-39ESSect-11.4 P-40ESSect-11.4 P-41ESSect-11.4 P-42ESSect-11.4 P-43ESSect-11.4 P-44ESSect-11.4 P-45ESSect-11.4 P-46ESSect-11.4 P-47ESSect-11.4 P-48ESSect-11.4 P-49ESSect-11.4 P-50ESSect-11.4 P-51ESSect-11.5 P-1TYSect-11.5 P-2TYSect-11.5 P-3TYSect-11.5 P-4TYSect-11.5 P-5TYSect-11.5 P-1ESSect-11.5 P-2ESSect-11.5 P-3ESSect-11.5 P-4ESSect-11.5 P-5ESSect-11.5 P-6ESSect-11.5 P-7ESSect-11.5 P-8ESSect-11.5 P-9ESSect-11.5 P-10ESSect-11.5 P-11ESSect-11.5 P-12ESSect-11.5 P-13ESSect-11.5 P-14ESSect-11.5 P-15ESSect-11.5 P-16ESSect-11.5 P-17ESSect-11.5 P-18ESSect-11.5 P-19ESSect-11.5 P-20ESSect-11.5 P-21ESSect-11.5 P-22ESSect-11.5 P-23ESSect-11.5 P-24ESSect-11.5 P-25ESSect-11.5 P-26ES