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Principles of Geotechnical Enginee...

9th Edition
Braja M. Das + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305970939

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Principles of Geotechnical Enginee...

9th Edition
Braja M. Das + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305970939
Textbook Problem

Refer to Problem 12.6. In addition to the triaxial test, an unconfined compression test was conducted on an undisturbed sample of the same soil. If the compressive strength was found to be 95 kN/m2, determine the pore water pressure at failure for the unconfined specimen.

12.6 Consider the silty clay soil in Problem 12.4. If a consolidated drained triaxial test is conducted on the same soil with a chamber-confining pressure of 105 kN/m2, what would be the deviator stress at failure?

12.4 During a subsoil exploration program, undisturbed normally consolidated silty clay samples were collected in Shelby tubes from location A as shown in Figure 12.54.

images

Figure 12.54

Following are the results of four drained, direct shear tests conducted on the clay samples with each having a diameter of 63.5 mm and height of 32 mm.

images

To determine

Find the pore water pressure at failure for the unconfined specimen.

Explanation

Given information:

The diameter (d) of clay sample is 63.5mm.

The height (h) of the clay sample is 32mm.

The compressive strength (σ1) is 95kN/m2.

Calculation:

Calculate the area of specimen (A) as follows:

A=πd24 (1)

Substitute 63.5mm for d in Equation (1).

A=π(63.5)24=12,661.264=3,165.32mm2(1m103mm)2=0.00316m2

Find the normal stress (σ) for Test No 1 using the formula as follows:

σ=NA (2)

Here, N is the normal force and A is the area of specimen.

Substitute 0.00316m2 for A and 84N for N in Equation (2).

σ=840.00316=26,582.27N/m2(1kN1,000N)=26.58kN/m2

Similarly calculate the normal stress (σ) for remaining Tests as shown in Table 1.

Test noNormal force, N(N)Normal stress (σ)(kN/m2)
18426.58
216853.16
325480.38
4360113.92

Find the shear strength (τf) of the failure as follows:

τf=SA (3)

Here, S is shear force.

Substitute 28.9N for shear force and 0.00316m2 for A in Equation (3).

τf=28.90.00316=9,145.5N/m2(1kN1,000N)=9.14kN/m2

Find the angle of friction (ϕ) as shown below:

ϕ=tan1(τfσ) (4)

Here, σ is the normal stress.

Substitute 26.58kN/m2 for σ and 9.14kN/m2 for τf in Equation (4).

ϕ=tan1(9.1426.58)=18.976°

Similarly calculate the angle of friction (ϕ) and shear strength (τf) for remaining Tests as shown in Table 2.

Test noShear force, S (N)Shear strength, τf(kN/m2)Angle of friction (ϕ)(deg)
128.99.1418.97
259.618.8619.53
389.128.1919.33
4125.339.6519.19

Find the drained angle of friction for the silty clay soil using the relation as follows:

Calculate the average value of angle of friction using Table 2.

ϕ=18.97+19.53+19.33+19.194=77

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