For given solution vapor pressure lowering, freezing point depression, boiling point elevation and osmotic pressures to be calculated.
Boiling point elevation : Boiling point is the distinction between boiling point of the pure solvent ( ) and the boiling point of the solution ( ).
Freezing point depression : Freezing point depression is the distinction between freezing point of the pure solvent and freezing point of the solution .
Osmotic pressure is the pressure that is needed to stop osmosis. Osmotic pressure of the solution is directly proportional to the concentration of the solution. We can calculate osmotic pressure by using this formula is given by,
Vapor pressure lowering: Vapor pressure lowering is one of the colligative properties. Pure solvent has higher vapour pressure than its solution have non-volatile liquid. Thus vapour pressure lowering guide boiling point elevation.