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6th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781337613316

Chapter 13, Problem 6E

Textbook Problem

Explain the distinction between naturalistic observation and participant observation, and describe the situations in which participant observation may be particularly useful.

Expert Solution

To determine

**To explain:**

Distinction between naturalistic observation and participant observation and describe situation in which participant observation may be useful.

Naturalistic observation is unstructured observation where the participants are observed in the natural surroundings spontaneously. By being able to observe the participants in their natural surrounding establishes an ecological validity. This method sometimes generates new ideas as opportunity to study the total situation opens up new avenues. However these are conducted in micro scale. Natural observations are less reliable as they cannot be controlled so it makes the research non repeatable. Also since control on extraneous behavior is not possible so cause and effect relationship cannot be established.

Participant Observation: It is a variant of naturalistic observation as the researcher comes and participates in the study in order to gain deeper insight into the lives of participants...

Research Methods for the Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Show all chapter solutions

Ch. 13.1 - Describe the purpose of the descriptive research...Ch. 13.2 - Describe the two general problems (observer...Ch. 13.2 - Describe the three techniques used to quantify...Ch. 13.2 - Define content analysis and archival research.Ch. 13.2 - Describe the general characteristics of the...Ch. 13.3 - Describe the general characteristics of the survey...Ch. 13.3 - Define open-ended, restricted, and rating-scale...Ch. 13.3 - Describe the four methods for administering a...Ch. 13.4 - Describe the general characteristics of the case...Ch. 13 - In addition to the key words, you should also be...

Ch. 13 - In this chapter, we introduced the observational...Ch. 13 - What is the purpose for determining a set of...Ch. 13 - Describe how time, event, or individual sampling...Ch. 13 - Define content analysis, and explain how it is...Ch. 13 - Explain the distinction between naturalistic...Ch. 13 - Explain the distinction between naturalistic...Ch. 13 - What is the general advantage of using the survey...Ch. 13 - Each of the following research studies uses a...Ch. 13 - Define the three types of survey questions (open...Ch. 13 - Outline the major advantages and disadvantages of...Ch. 13 - Most research in the behavioral sciences involves...

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