Research Methods for the Behaviora...

6th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337613316

Research Methods for the Behaviora...

6th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337613316


Chapter 13, Problem 6E
Textbook Problem

Explain the distinction between naturalistic observation and participant observation, and describe the situations in which participant observation may be particularly useful.

Expert Solution
To determine

To explain:

Distinction between naturalistic observation and participant observation and describe situation in which participant observation may be useful.

Explanation of Solution

Naturalistic observation is unstructured observation where the participants are observed in the natural surroundings spontaneously. By being able to observe the participants in their natural surrounding establishes an ecological validity. This method sometimes generates new ideas as opportunity to study the total situation opens up new avenues. However these are conducted in micro scale. Natural observations are less reliable as they cannot be controlled so it makes the research non repeatable. Also since control on extraneous behavior is not possible so cause and effect relationship cannot be established.

Participant Observation: It is a variant of naturalistic observation as the researcher comes and participates in the study in order to gain deeper insight into the lives of participants...

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