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Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Multivariable Calculus

8th Edition
James Stewart
ISBN: 9781305266643
Textbook Problem

Show that the line integral is independent of path and evaluate the integral.

20.C sin y dx + (x cos y − sin y) dy,

C is any path from (2, 0) to (1, π)

To determine

To show: The line integral Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy is independent of path and value of integral Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy .

Explanation

Given data:

Line integral is Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy .

Line integral function Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy and curve C is path from (2,0) to (1,π) .

Formula used:

Consider a line integral as CF(x,y)=CP(x,y)dx+Q(x,y)dy . The condition for vector field F being a conservative field is,

Py=Qx (1)

Here,

Py is continuous first-order partial derivative of P, and

Qx is continuous first-order partial derivative of Q,

Consider vector function r(t) , atb with a smooth curve C. Consider f is a differentiable function two or three variables of gradient function f and is continuous on curve C. Then,

Cfdr=f(r(b))f(r(a)) (4)

Compare the vector field Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy with CP(x,y)dx+Q(x,y)dy .

P=siny (2)

Q=xcosysiny (3)

Apply partial differentiation with respect to y on both sides of equation (2).

Py=y(siny)=cosy {t(sint)=cost}=cosy

Apply partial differentiation with respect to x on both sides of equation (3).

Qx=x(xcosysiny)=cosyx(x)sinyx(1)=cosy(1)siny(0) {t(k)=0,t(t)=1}=cosy

Substitute cosy for Py and cosy for Qx in equation (1),

cosy=cosy

Hence C2xeydx+(2yx2ey)dy is conservative vector field and hence line integral is independent of path.

Thus, the line integral Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy is independent of path.

Consider f=fx(x,y)i+fy(x,y)j .

Compare the equations Cfdr and Csinydx+(xcosysiny)dy

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Chapter 16 Solutions

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Sect-16.1 P-11ESect-16.1 P-12ESect-16.1 P-13ESect-16.1 P-14ESect-16.1 P-15ESect-16.1 P-16ESect-16.1 P-17ESect-16.1 P-18ESect-16.1 P-21ESect-16.1 P-22ESect-16.1 P-23ESect-16.1 P-24ESect-16.1 P-25ESect-16.1 P-26ESect-16.1 P-29ESect-16.1 P-30ESect-16.1 P-31ESect-16.1 P-32ESect-16.1 P-33ESect-16.1 P-34ESect-16.1 P-35ESect-16.1 P-36ESect-16.2 P-1ESect-16.2 P-2ESect-16.2 P-3ESect-16.2 P-4ESect-16.2 P-5ESect-16.2 P-6ESect-16.2 P-7ESect-16.2 P-8ESect-16.2 P-9ESect-16.2 P-10ESect-16.2 P-11ESect-16.2 P-12ESect-16.2 P-13ESect-16.2 P-14ESect-16.2 P-15ESect-16.2 P-16ESect-16.2 P-17ESect-16.2 P-18ESect-16.2 P-19ESect-16.2 P-20ESect-16.2 P-21ESect-16.2 P-22ESect-16.2 P-23ESect-16.2 P-24ESect-16.2 P-25ESect-16.2 P-26ESect-16.2 P-31ESect-16.2 P-32ESect-16.2 P-33ESect-16.2 P-34ESect-16.2 P-35ESect-16.2 P-36ESect-16.2 P-37ESect-16.2 P-38ESect-16.2 P-39ESect-16.2 P-40ESect-16.2 P-41ESect-16.2 P-42ESect-16.2 P-43ESect-16.2 P-44ESect-16.2 P-45ESect-16.2 P-46ESect-16.2 P-47ESect-16.2 P-48ESect-16.2 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P-2ESect-16.5 P-3ESect-16.5 P-4ESect-16.5 P-5ESect-16.5 P-6ESect-16.5 P-7ESect-16.5 P-8ESect-16.5 P-9ESect-16.5 P-10ESect-16.5 P-11ESect-16.5 P-12ESect-16.5 P-13ESect-16.5 P-14ESect-16.5 P-15ESect-16.5 P-16ESect-16.5 P-17ESect-16.5 P-18ESect-16.5 P-19ESect-16.5 P-20ESect-16.5 P-21ESect-16.5 P-22ESect-16.5 P-23ESect-16.5 P-24ESect-16.5 P-25ESect-16.5 P-26ESect-16.5 P-27ESect-16.5 P-28ESect-16.5 P-29ESect-16.5 P-30ESect-16.5 P-31ESect-16.5 P-32ESect-16.5 P-33ESect-16.5 P-34ESect-16.5 P-35ESect-16.5 P-36ESect-16.5 P-37ESect-16.5 P-38ESect-16.5 P-39ESect-16.6 P-1ESect-16.6 P-2ESect-16.6 P-3ESect-16.6 P-4ESect-16.6 P-5ESect-16.6 P-6ESect-16.6 P-13ESect-16.6 P-14ESect-16.6 P-15ESect-16.6 P-16ESect-16.6 P-17ESect-16.6 P-18ESect-16.6 P-19ESect-16.6 P-20ESect-16.6 P-21ESect-16.6 P-22ESect-16.6 P-23ESect-16.6 P-24ESect-16.6 P-25ESect-16.6 P-26ESect-16.6 P-29ESect-16.6 P-30ESect-16.6 P-33ESect-16.6 P-34ESect-16.6 P-35ESect-16.6 P-36ESect-16.6 P-37ESect-16.6 P-38ESect-16.6 P-39ESect-16.6 P-40ESect-16.6 P-41ESect-16.6 P-42ESect-16.6 P-43ESect-16.6 P-44ESect-16.6 P-45ESect-16.6 P-46ESect-16.6 P-47ESect-16.6 P-48ESect-16.6 P-49ESect-16.6 P-50ESect-16.6 P-51ESect-16.6 P-52ESect-16.6 P-53ESect-16.6 P-54ESect-16.6 P-56ESect-16.6 P-59ESect-16.6 P-60ESect-16.6 P-61ESect-16.6 P-62ESect-16.6 P-63ESect-16.7 P-1ESect-16.7 P-2ESect-16.7 P-3ESect-16.7 P-4ESect-16.7 P-5ESect-16.7 P-6ESect-16.7 P-7ESect-16.7 P-8ESect-16.7 P-9ESect-16.7 P-10ESect-16.7 P-11ESect-16.7 P-12ESect-16.7 P-13ESect-16.7 P-14ESect-16.7 P-15ESect-16.7 P-16ESect-16.7 P-17ESect-16.7 P-18ESect-16.7 P-19ESect-16.7 P-20ESect-16.7 P-21ESect-16.7 P-22ESect-16.7 P-23ESect-16.7 P-24ESect-16.7 P-25ESect-16.7 P-26ESect-16.7 P-28ESect-16.7 P-37ESect-16.7 P-38ESect-16.7 P-39ESect-16.7 P-40ESect-16.7 P-41ESect-16.7 P-42ESect-16.7 P-43ESect-16.7 P-44ESect-16.7 P-45ESect-16.7 P-46ESect-16.7 P-47ESect-16.7 P-48ESect-16.7 P-49ESect-16.8 P-1ESect-16.8 P-2ESect-16.8 P-3ESect-16.8 P-4ESect-16.8 P-5ESect-16.8 P-6ESect-16.8 P-7ESect-16.8 P-8ESect-16.8 P-9ESect-16.8 P-10ESect-16.8 P-11ESect-16.8 P-12ESect-16.8 P-13ESect-16.8 P-14ESect-16.8 P-15ESect-16.8 P-17ESect-16.8 P-18ESect-16.8 P-19ESect-16.8 P-20ESect-16.9 P-1ESect-16.9 P-2ESect-16.9 P-3ESect-16.9 P-4ESect-16.9 P-5ESect-16.9 P-6ESect-16.9 P-7ESect-16.9 P-8ESect-16.9 P-9ESect-16.9 P-10ESect-16.9 P-11ESect-16.9 P-12ESect-16.9 P-13ESect-16.9 P-14ESect-16.9 P-17ESect-16.9 P-18ESect-16.9 P-19ESect-16.9 P-20ESect-16.9 P-23ESect-16.9 P-24ESect-16.9 P-25ESect-16.9 P-26ESect-16.9 P-27ESect-16.9 P-28ESect-16.9 P-29ESect-16.9 P-30ESect-16.9 P-31ESect-16.9 P-32ECh-16 P-1RCCCh-16 P-2RCCCh-16 P-3RCCCh-16 P-4RCCCh-16 P-5RCCCh-16 P-6RCCCh-16 P-7RCCCh-16 P-8RCCCh-16 P-9RCCCh-16 P-10RCCCh-16 P-11RCCCh-16 P-12RCCCh-16 P-13RCCCh-16 P-14RCCCh-16 P-15RCCCh-16 P-16RCCCh-16 P-1RQCh-16 P-2RQCh-16 P-3RQCh-16 P-4RQCh-16 P-5RQCh-16 P-6RQCh-16 P-7RQCh-16 P-8RQCh-16 P-9RQCh-16 P-10RQCh-16 P-11RQCh-16 P-12RQCh-16 P-13RQCh-16 P-1RECh-16 P-2RECh-16 P-3RECh-16 P-4RECh-16 P-5RECh-16 P-6RECh-16 P-7RECh-16 P-8RECh-16 P-9RECh-16 P-10RECh-16 P-11RECh-16 P-12RECh-16 P-13RECh-16 P-14RECh-16 P-15RECh-16 P-16RECh-16 P-17RECh-16 P-18RECh-16 P-19RECh-16 P-20RECh-16 P-21RECh-16 P-22RECh-16 P-23RECh-16 P-24RECh-16 P-25RECh-16 P-27RECh-16 P-28RECh-16 P-29RECh-16 P-30RECh-16 P-31RECh-16 P-32RECh-16 P-33RECh-16 P-34RECh-16 P-35RECh-16 P-36RECh-16 P-37RECh-16 P-38RECh-16 P-39RECh-16 P-40RECh-16 P-41RECh-16 P-1PCh-16 P-2PCh-16 P-3PCh-16 P-5PCh-16 P-6P

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