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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

What general differences are there in the genome landscapes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Summary Introduction

To review:

The general differences between the genome landscapes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Introduction:

Eukaryotic cells have a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. The eukaryotic organisms can be unicellular or multicellular. Prokaryotes do not have a true nucleus and they do not have membrane-bound organelles. The prokaryotic organisms are mostly unicellular.

Explanation

The general differences between the genomes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes are given in the table below:

Prokaryotic genome Eukaryotic genome
There is a great diversity of prokaryotic genomes in the context of their size. The genes are present consistently, that is, approximately 900 genes per Mb (megabase pairs) of the genome. Eukaryotic genomes vary widely and are larger in size as compared to the prokaryotic genomes. The genes lie in the range of about 500 genes per Mb of the genome.
The prokaryotic genes are present in a linear fashion, that is, in the form of operons...

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