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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Compounds of Sc3+ are not colored, but those of Ti3+ and V3+ are. Why?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The explanations of the fact that compounds of Ti3+ and V3+ are generally colored, but compounds of Sc3+ are not to be stated.

Concept introduction: The metal that has partially filled d or f orbital is known as transition metal. These metals are generally colored due to transfer of electrons between split d orbital.

To explain: The facts that, compounds of Ti3+ and V3+ are generally colored, but compounds Sc3+ are not.

Explanation

Explanation

The color of transition metals arises due to the presence of electrons in d orbital. The ions Ti3+,V3+ and Sc3+ are metal ions of transition series.

The electronic configuration of Ti3+ is,

1s22s22p63s23p63d1

The electronic configuration of V3+ is,

1s22s22p63s23p6

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