Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425



Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following terms to match the

description given.

    a. aldohexose
    n. glycoside linkage
    h. antibody
    o. hormone
    c. cellulose
    p. hydrophobic
    d. CH2O
    q. inhibition
    e. cysteine
    r. ketohexoses
    f. denaturation
    s. oxytocin
    g. disaccharides
    t. pleated sheet
    h. disulfide
    u. polypeptide
    i. DNA
    v. polysaccharides
    j. enzymes
    w. primary structure
    k. fibrous
    x. saliva
    l. globular
    y. substrate
    m. glycogen
    z. sucrose

. polymer consisting of many amino acids

. linkage that forms between two cysteine Species

. peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion

. proteins with roughly spherical shape

. sequence of amino acids in a protein

. silk protein secondary structure

. water-repelling amino acid side chain

. amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair

. biological catalysts

. breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure

. molecule acted on by an enzyme

. occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule

. special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance

. substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ

. animal polymer of glucose

. —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars

. empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate

. where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found

. six-carbon ketone sugars

. structural component of plants, polymer of glucose

. sugars consisting of two monomer units

. six-carbon aldehyde sugars

Interpretation Introduction


Interpret and select the appropriate term from the list provided for the following statement:

‘Substance having specific effect on particular target organ’.

Concept Introduction:

Hormone are the proteiniceous compound act as initiator for catalyzing reaction. It works on biochemical reactions and catalyzes it by increasing the speed of chemical reactions.

The particular hormone having particular action on specific organ. When a foreign substance enters the body, the immune system gives signals to the plasma of cell. It produces hormone after which the target organs appears to show necessary changes.


A hormone belongs to class of signaling the particles or molecules created by glands present in multicelled organisms which get transferred by the circulatory system to organs located to higher distance in order to balance physiological behavior. The organs located at higher distance are considered as target organs which have specific effect by hormone...

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