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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. The process of _________ involves treating a fat with sodium hydroxide so that the fatty acids present are converted to their sodium salts.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement should be completed.

Concept Introduction:

Soap formation takes place with the involvement of potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide with triglyceride. Triglyceride is a type of fat present in blood stream which gets produced from the conversion of calories into it. The triglycerides are present in fat cells. It is a form of an ester which gets produced from the combination of glycerol and fatty acid. Triglycerides consist of glycerol and 3 fatty acids.

Explanation

Given:

The process of ____ involves treating a fat with sodium hydroxide so that the fatty acids present are converted to their sodium salts.

Soap is a sodium salt of fatty acid produced by the reaction of 1 mol of glycerol with 3 mol of sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. This process is known as saponification...

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