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Match the terms appropriately. ____ club fungus a. first discovered in a soil-dwelling sac fungus ____ chitin b. component of fungal cell walls ____ penicillin c. partnership between a fungus and one or more ____ sac fungus d. basidocarp producer ____ zygote fungus e. fungus-plant partnership ____ lichen f. forms sexual spores in an ascus ____ mycorrhiza g. bread mold is an example ____ hypha h. fungal skin disease ____ ringworm i. strand of many cells arranged end to end

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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 23, Problem 15SQ
Textbook Problem
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Match the terms appropriately.

____ club fungus a. first discovered in a soil-dwelling sac fungus
____ chitin b. component of fungal cell walls
____ penicillin c. partnership between a fungus and one or more
____ sac fungus d. basidocarp producer
____ zygote fungus e. fungus-plant partnership
____ lichen f. forms sexual spores in an ascus
____ mycorrhiza g. bread mold is an example
____ hypha h. fungal skin disease
____ ringworm i. strand of many cells arranged end to end

Summary Introduction

To match: The terms with the most appropriate description.

Explanation of Solution

Club fungus: d. basidocarp producer.

The members of Club fungi coming under the class Basidiomycota reproduce sexually by the production of sexual spores. The production of sexual spores, which occurs in a specialized structure, is called as basidiocarp with dikaryotic hyphae.

Chitin: b. component of fungal cell walls.

Most of the fungal cell walls consist of a multipolymeric structure that provides strength and rigidity to the cell. It is mainly composed of chitin, a polysaccharide, which is also found in the body of other animal species such as crab.

Penicillin: a. the first discovered in a soil-dwelling sac fungi.

Penicillin is a widely used antibiotic made from the fungi Penicillium notatum that comes under the group, sac fungi (Ascomycetes). It has a very high antibiotic activity and it was discovered by the great scientist, Alexander Fleming on 1928.

Sac fungus: f. forms sexual spores in an ascus.

During sexual reproduction, the members of sac fungi will produce sexual spores by meiosis of the zygote in a specialized structure called ascus.

Zygote fungus: g. bread mold is an example.

Rhizopus stolonifier (bread mold), a fungus that comes under the group zygote fungi is the chief causative agent for bread mold...

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