Chapter 3, Problem 25P

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8th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

ISBN: 9781133956570

Textbook Problem

Schmidt (1994) conducted a series of experiments examining the effects of humor on memory. In one study, participants were shown a list of sentences, of which half were humorous and half were non- humorous. A humorous example is, “If at first you don't succeed, you are probably not related to the boss." Other participants would see a non-humorous version of this sentence, such as “People who are related to the boss often succeed the very first time.”

Schmidt then measured the number of each type of sentence recalled by each participant. The following scores are similar to the results obtained in the study.

Number of Sentences Recalled | |

Humorous Sentences |
Nonhumorous Sentences |

4 5 2 4 | 5 2 4 2 |

6 7 6 6 | 2 3 1 6 |

2 5 4 3 | 3 2 3 3 |

1 3 5 5 | 4 1 5 3 |

Calculate the mean number of sentences recalled for each of the two conditions. Do the data suggest that humor helps memory?

To determine

**To Find:** The mean of the two sentences recalled.

**To check:** The data suggest that humour helps memory.

Explanation

**Given info:**

The two-sentences each of size 16 is provided in the question.

**Calculations:**

**Software procedure:**

Step-by-step procedure to obtain the

- Go to
**Variable View>**Enter the name of the variable as**Humorous**, and**Nonhumorous** - Go to
**Data View**>Enter the values of**Humorous**, and**Nonhumorous** - Choose
**Analyze > Descriptive Statistics>**choose**Descriptive.** - Select
**Humorous**,**Nonhumorous**and move it under**variable(s)>**Choose**Options>**Select**Sum.** - Choose
**Continue**> choose**OK.**

Output using the SPSS software is given below:

Sect-3.2 P-1LCSect-3.2 P-2LCSect-3.2 P-3LCSect-3.2 P-4LCSect-3.2 P-5LCSect-3.2 P-1LCASect-3.2 P-2LCASect-3.2 P-3LCASect-3.2 P-4LCASect-3.3 P-1LC

Sect-3.3 P-2LCSect-3.3 P-3LCSect-3.5 P-1LCSect-3.6 P-1LCSect-3.6 P-2LCSect-3.6 P-3LCSect-3.6 P-4LCCh-3 P-1PCh-3 P-2PCh-3 P-3PCh-3 P-4PCh-3 P-5PCh-3 P-6PCh-3 P-7PCh-3 P-8PCh-3 P-9PCh-3 P-10PCh-3 P-11PCh-3 P-12PCh-3 P-13PCh-3 P-14PCh-3 P-15PCh-3 P-16PCh-3 P-17PCh-3 P-18PCh-3 P-19PCh-3 P-20PCh-3 P-21PCh-3 P-22PCh-3 P-23PCh-3 P-24PCh-3 P-25PCh-3 P-26PCh-3 P-27P

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