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StatisticsProbability and Statistics for Engineering and the SciencesSome parts of California are particularly earthquake-prone. Suppose that in one metropolitan area. 25% of all homeowners are insured against earthquake damage. Four homeowners arc to be selected at random: let X denote the number among the four who have earthquake insurance. a. Find the probability distribution of X . [ Hint: Let S denote a homeowner who has insurance and F one who does not. Then one possible outcome is SFSS, with probability (.25)(.75)(.25)(.25) and associated X value 3. There are 15 other outcomes.] b. Draw the corresponding probability histogram. c. What is the most likely value for X ? d. What is the probability that at least two of the four selected have earthquake insurance?BuyFind*arrow_forward*

9th Edition

Jay L. Devore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305251809

Chapter 3.2, Problem 16E

Textbook Problem

Some parts of California are particularly earthquake-prone. Suppose that in one metropolitan area. 25% of all homeowners are insured against earthquake damage. Four homeowners arc to be selected at random: let X denote the number among the four who have earthquake insurance.

**a.**Find the probability distribution of*X*. [*Hint:*Let*S*denote a homeowner who has insurance and F one who does not. Then one possible outcome is SFSS, with probability (.25)(.75)(.25)(.25) and associated*X*value 3. There are 15 other outcomes.]**b.**Draw the corresponding probability histogram.**c.**What is the most likely value for*X*?**d.**What is the probability that at least two of the four selected have earthquake insurance?

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

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Ch. 3.1 - A concrete beam may fail either by shear (S) or...Ch. 3.1 - Using the experiment in Example 3.3, define two...Ch. 3.1 - Let X = the number of nonzero digits in a randomly...Ch. 3.1 - If the sample space S is an infinite set, does...Ch. 3.1 - Starting at a fixed time, each car entering an...Ch. 3.1 - For each random variable defined here, describe...Ch. 3.1 - Each time a component is tested, the trial is a...Ch. 3.1 - An individual named Claudius is located at the...Ch. 3.1 - The number of pumps in use at both a six-pump...Ch. 3.2 - Let X be the number of students who show up for a...

Ch. 3.2 - Airlines sometimes overbook flights. 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What is the...Ch. 3.4 - Suppose that 30% of all students who have to buy a...Ch. 3.4 - Exercise 30 (Section 3.3) gave the pmf of Y, the...Ch. 3.4 - A particular type of tennis racket comes in a...Ch. 3.4 - Twenty percent of all telephones of a certain type...Ch. 3.4 - The College Board reports that 2% of the 2 million...Ch. 3.4 - A certain type of flashlight requires two type-D...Ch. 3.4 - A very large batch of components has arrived at a...Ch. 3.4 - An ordinance requiring that a smoke detector be...Ch. 3.4 - A toll bridge charges 1.00 for passenger cars and...Ch. 3.4 - A student who is trying to write a paper for a...Ch. 3.4 - a. For fixed n, are there values of p(0 p 1) for...Ch. 3.4 - a. Show that b(x; n, 1 p) = b(n x; n, p). b....Ch. 3.4 - Show that E(X) = np when X is a binomial random...Ch. 3.4 - Customers at a gas station pay with a credit card...Ch. 3.4 - An airport limousine can accommodate up to four...Ch. 3.4 - Refer to Chebyshevs inequality given in Exercise...Ch. 3.5 - Eighteen individuals are scheduled to take a...Ch. 3.5 - Each of 12 refrigerators of a certain type has...Ch. 3.5 - An instructor who taught two sections of...Ch. 3.5 - A geologist has collected 10 specimens of basaltic...Ch. 3.5 - A personnel director interviewing 11 senior...Ch. 3.5 - Twenty pairs of individuals playing in a bridge...Ch. 3.5 - A second-stage smog alert has been called in a...Ch. 3.5 - The probability that a randomly selected box of a...Ch. 3.5 - A family decides to have children until it has...Ch. 3.5 - Three brothers and their wives decide to have...Ch. 3.5 - According to the article Characterizing the...Ch. 3.6 - The article Expectation Analysis of the...Ch. 3.6 - Let X be the number of material anomalies...Ch. 3.6 - Suppose that the number of drivers who travel...Ch. 3.6 - Consider writing onto a computer disk and then...Ch. 3.6 - An article in the Los Angeles Times (Dec. 3. 1993)...Ch. 3.6 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...Ch. 3.6 - Suppose small aircraft arrive at a certain airport...Ch. 3.6 - Organisms are present in ballast water discharged...Ch. 3.6 - The number of requests for assistance received by...Ch. 3.6 - In proof testing of circuit boards, the...Ch. 3.6 - The article Reliability-Based Service-Life...Ch. 3.6 - Let X have a Poisson distribution with parameter ....Ch. 3.6 - Suppose that trees are distributed in a forest...Ch. 3.6 - Automobiles arrive at a vehicle equipment...Ch. 3.6 - a. In a Poisson process, what has to happen in...Ch. 3 - Consider a deck consisting of seven cards, marked...Ch. 3 - After shuffling a deck of 52 cards, a dealer deals...Ch. 3 - The negative binomial rv X was defined as the...Ch. 3 - Of all customers purchasing automatic garage-door...Ch. 3 - In some applications the distribution of a...Ch. 3 - A k-out-of-n system is one that will function if...Ch. 3 - A manufacturer of integrated circuit chips wishes...Ch. 3 - Of the people passing through an airport metal...Ch. 3 - An educational consulting firm is trying to decide...Ch. 3 - Consider a disease whose presence can be...Ch. 3 - Let p1 denote the probability that any particular...Ch. 3 - The purchaser of a power-generating unit requires...Ch. 3 - A plan for an executive travelers club has been...Ch. 3 - Forty percent of seeds from maize (modern-day com)...Ch. 3 - A trial has just resulted in a hung jury because...Ch. 3 - A reservation service employs five information...Ch. 3 - Grasshoppers arc distributed at random in a large...Ch. 3 - A newsstand has ordered five copies of a certain...Ch. 3 - Individuals A and B begin to play a sequence of...Ch. 3 - A test for the presence of a certain disease has...Ch. 3 - The generalized negative binomial pmf is given by...Ch. 3 - There are two Certified Public Accountants in a...Ch. 3 - The mode of a discrete random variable X with pmf...Ch. 3 - A computer disk storage device has ten concentric...Ch. 3 - If X is a hypergeometric rv, show directly from...Ch. 3 - Use the fact that allx(x-)2p(x)x:x-k(x-)2p(x) to...Ch. 3 - The simple Poisson process of Section 3.6 is...Ch. 3 - Consider a collection Al,... , Ak of mutually...Ch. 3 - Consider a communication source that transmits...

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