Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences
9th Edition
ISBN: 9781305251809
Author: Jay L. Devore
Publisher: Cengage Learning

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Textbook Question
Chapter 3.2, Problem 26E

Alvie Singer lives at 0 in the accompanying diagram and has four friends who live at A, B, C, and D. One day Alvie decides to go visiting, so he tosses a fair coin twice to decide which of the four to visit Once at a friend’s house, he will either return home or else proceed to one of the two adjacent houses (such as 0, A, or C when at B), with each of the three possibilities having probability 1/3. In this way. Alvie continues to visit friends until he returns home.

1. a. Let X = the number of times that Alvie visits a friend. Derive the pmf of X
2. b. Let Y = the number of straight-line segments that Alvie traverses (including those leading to and from 0). What is the pmf of Y?
3. c. Suppose that female friends live at A and C and male friends at B and D. If Z = the number of visits to female friends, what is the pmf of Z?
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