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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 2

As fluid accumulated in the patient’s alveoli, the diffusion of oxygen into the pulmonary capillaries decreased. This was verified by the __________________________________.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The blank in the statement, “As fluid accumulated in the patient’s alveoli, the diffusion of oxygen into the pulmonary capillaries decreased. This was verified by the _____.”

Introduction:

Left ventricular failure causes a decreased ability of the left ventricle to pump the blood across. This eventually causes an increased blood volume in the ventricle as the blood is not pumped. Ultimately, the blood backed up into the lungs of the patient, in the given case. The transmural pressure significantly increased.

Explanation

Given information:

Please refer to Clinical Case application -2.

An increased transmural pressure in the patient caused the leakage of the fluid out of the capillaries. The transmural pressure is the difference between the pressure of the vessel and that of the surrounding area of the vessel. The alveoli and the airways were filled with the fluid...

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