Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
4th Edition
ISBN: 9781118431221
Author: Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
Publisher: WILEY

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Chapter 5, Problem 5.23P

Spray drying is a process in which a liquid containing dissolved or suspended solids is injected into a chamber through a spray nozzle or centrifugal disk atomizer. The resulting mist is contacted with hot air, which evaporates most or all of the liquid, leaving the dried solids to fall to a conveyor belt at the bottom of the chamber.

Chapter 5, Problem 5.23P, Spray drying is a process in which a liquid containing dissolved or suspended solids is injected

Powdered milk is produced in a spray dryer 6 m in diameter by 6 m high. Air enters at 167°C and −40 cm H2O. The milk fed to the atomizer contains 70% water by mass, all of which evaporates. The outlet gas contains 12 mole% water and leaves the chamber at 83°C and 1 atm (absolute) at a rate of 311 m3/min.

(a) Calculate the production rate of dried milk and the volumetric ?ow rate of the inlet air. Estimate the upward velocity of air (m/s) at the bottom of the dryer.

(b) Engineers often face the challenge of what to do to a process when demand fora product increases (or decreases). Suppose in the present case production must be doubled. (i) Why is it unlikely that the ?ow rates of feed and air can simply be increased to achieve the new production rate? (ii) An obvious option is to buy another dryer like the existing one and operate the two in parallel. Give two advantages and two disadvantages of this option. (m) Still another possibility is to buy a larger dryer to replace the original unit. Give two advantages and two disadvantages of doing so. Estimate the approximate dimensions of the larger unit.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version

Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.11PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.12PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.13PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.14PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.15PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.16PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.17PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.18PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.19PCh. 5 - A device has been designed to measure the flow...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.21PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.22PCh. 5 - Spray drying is a process in which a liquid...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.24PCh. 5 - Lewis12 describes the hazards of breathing air...Ch. 5 - A stream of air at 35°C and a gauge pressure of...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.27PCh. 5 - In froth ?otation, air is bubbled through an...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.29PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.30PCh. 5 - Bread is typically made by ?rst dissolving...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.32PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.33PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.34PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.35PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.36PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.37PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.38PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.39PCh. 5 - A spray-drying operation similar to that described...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.41PCh. 5 - Fermentation is a biochemical process in which a...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.43PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.44PCh. 5 - Ethane at 25°C and 1.1 atm (abs) flowing at a rate...Ch. 5 - The ?ow of air to a gas-?red boiler furnace is...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.47PCh. 5 - The oxidation of nitric oxide NO+12O2NO2 takes...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.49PCh. 5 - 5.50.19 In chemical vapor deposition (CVD), a...Ch. 5 - A gas turbine power plant receives a shipment of...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.52PCh. 5 - 5.53.20 Chemicals are stored in a laboratory with...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.54PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.55PCh. 5 - A stream of ho dry nitrogen flows through a...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.57PCh. 5 - You have purchased a gas cylinder that is supposed...Ch. 5 - The current global reliance on fossil fuels for...Ch. 5 - Two humid gas streams are combined in a heated...Ch. 5 - Most of the concrete used in the construction of...Ch. 5 - The ultimate analysis of a No. 4 fuel oil is 86.47...Ch. 5 - A stream of liquid n-pentane flows at a rate of...Ch. 5 - Alka-Seltzer( is an over-the-counter medicine used...Ch. 5 - Hydrogen sul?de has the distinctive unpleasant...Ch. 5 - The quantity of sulfuric acid used globally places...Ch. 5 - A small power plant produces 500 MW of electricity...Ch. 5 - You have been assigned the task of measuring the...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.69PCh. 5 - Methanol is synthesized from carbon monoxide and...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.71PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.72PCh. 5 - Steam reforming is an important technology for...Ch. 5 - A ?owchart of a methanol synthesis process is...Ch. 5 - The measured volumetric flow rate of ethane at...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.76PCh. 5 - Methanol is to be delivered to a process unit at a...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.78PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.79PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.80PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.81PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.82PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.83PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.84PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.85PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.86PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.87PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.88PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.89PCh. 5 - A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that...Ch. 5 - In a metered-dose inhaler (MDI), such as those...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.92PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.93PCh. 5 - Approximately 150 SCFM (standard cubic feet per...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.95PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.96PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.97PCh. 5 - The product gas from a coal gasification plant...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.99PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.100PCh. 5 - A gas mixture consisting of 15.0 mole% methane....Ch. 5 - A system has been devised to store acetonitrile...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.103PCh. 5 - Prob. 5.104P

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