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Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)Dual Graph Every planar graph has what is called a dual graph. To form the dual graph, start with a planar drawing of the graph. With a different-color pen, draw a dot in each face (including the infinite face). These will be the vertices of the dual graph. Now, for every edge in the original graph, draw a new edge that crosses over it and connects the two new vertices in the faces on each side of the original edge. The resulting dual graph is always itself a planar graph. (Note that it may contain multiple edges.) The procedure is illustrated below. Draw the dual graph of each of the planar graphs below. For each of the graphs in part a, count the number of faces, edges, and vertices in the original graph and compare your results with the numbers in the dual graph. What do you notice? Explain why this will always be true. Start with your dual graph of the first graph in part a, and find its dual. What do you notice?BuyFind*launch*

4th Edition

Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305965584

Chapter 5.3, Problem 30ES

Textbook Problem

Dual Graph Every planar graph has what is called a dual graph. To form the dual graph, start with a planar drawing of the graph. With a different-color pen, draw a dot in each face (including the infinite face). These will be the vertices of the dual graph. Now, for every edge in the original graph, draw a new edge that crosses over it and connects the two new vertices in the faces on each side of the original edge. The resulting dual graph is always itself a planar graph. (Note that it may contain multiple edges.) The procedure is illustrated below.

- Draw the dual graph of each of the planar graphs below.

- For each of the graphs in part a, count the number of faces, edges, and vertices in the original graph and compare your results with the numbers in the dual graph. What do you notice? Explain why this will always be true.
- Start with your dual graph of the first graph in part a, and find its dual. What do you notice?

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Ch. 5.1 - A pen-tracing puzzle is given. See if you can find...Ch. 5.1 - A pen-tracing puzzle is given. See if you can find...Ch. 5.1 - A pen-tracing puzzle is given. See if you can find...Ch. 5.1 - A pen-tracing puzzle is given. See if you can find...Ch. 5.1 - Explain why the following pen-tracing puzzle is...Ch. 5.1 - Transportation An X in the table below indicates a...Ch. 5.1 - Transportation The table below shows the nonstop...Ch. 5.1 - Social Network A group of friends is represented...Ch. 5.1 - Baseball The local Little League baseball teams...Ch. 5.1 - Determine (a) the number of edges in the graph,...

Ch. 5.1 - Determine (a) the number of edges in the graph,...Ch. 5.1 - Determine (a) the number of edges in the graph,...Ch. 5.1 - Determine (a) the number of edges in the graph,...Ch. 5.1 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5.1 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5.1 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5.1 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5.1 - Explain why the following two graphs cannot be...Ch. 5.1 - Label the vertices of the second graph so that it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - (a) determine whether the graph is Eulerian. If it...Ch. 5.1 - Parks in Exercises 23 and 24, a map of a park is...Ch. 5.1 - Parks in Exercises 23 and 24, a map of a park is...Ch. 5.1 - Transportation For the train routes given in...Ch. 5.1 - Transportation For the direct air flights given in...Ch. 5.1 - Pets The diagram below shows the arrangement of a...Ch. 5.1 - Transportation A subway map is shown below. Is it...Ch. 5.1 - Architecture, a floor plan of a museum is shown....Ch. 5.1 - Architecture, a floor plan of a museum is shown....Ch. 5.1 - Degrees of Separation In the graph below, an edge...Ch. 5.1 - Social Network In the graph below, an edge...Ch. 5.1 - Bridges of a Graph An edge of a connected graph is...Ch. 5.1 - Travel A map of South America is shown at the...Ch. 5.2 - Continue investigating Hamiltonian circuits in...Ch. 5.2 - Use the greedy algorithm and the weighted graph...Ch. 5.2 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5.2 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5.2 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5.2 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5.2 - Transportation For the train routes given in...Ch. 5.2 - Transportation For the direct air flights given in...Ch. 5.2 - Use trial and error to find two Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use trial and error to find two Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use trial and error to find two Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use trial and error to find two Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5.2 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Travel A company representative lives in...Ch. 5.2 - Travel A tourist is staying in Toronto, Canada,...Ch. 5.2 - Travel Use the edge-picking algorithm to design a...Ch. 5.2 - Travel Use the edge-picking algorithm to design a...Ch. 5.2 - Travel Nicole wants to tour Asia. She will start...Ch. 5.2 - Travel The prices for traveling between five...Ch. 5.2 - Travel Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Travel Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5.2 - Route Planning Brian needs to visit the pet store,...Ch. 5.2 - Route Planning A bike messenger needs to deliver...Ch. 5.2 - Scheduling A research company has a large...Ch. 5.2 - Computer Networks A small office wishes to network...Ch. 5.2 - Route Planning A security officer patrolling a...Ch. 5.2 - Route Planning A city engineer needs to inspect...Ch. 5.2 - Draw a connected graph with six vertices that has...Ch. 5.2 - Assign weights to the edges of the following...Ch. 5.3 - The tetrahedron in figure 5.20 consists of four...Ch. 5.3 - The following graph is the projection of one ofthe...Ch. 5.3 - If we form a graph by a projection of the...Ch. 5.3 - Give a reason why the graph below Cannot be the...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5.3 - Show that the following graph contracts to K5.Ch. 5.3 - Show that the following graph contracts to the...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar by finding a...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the graph is not planar by finding a...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces,...Ch. 5.3 - If a planar drawing of a graph has 15 edges and 8...Ch. 5.3 - If a planar drawing of a graph has 100 vertices...Ch. 5.3 - Sketch a planar graph (without multiple edges or...Ch. 5.3 - Sketch a planar graph (without multiple edges or...Ch. 5.3 - Explain why it is not possible to draw a planar...Ch. 5.3 - If a planar drawing of a graph has twice as many...Ch. 5.3 - Show that the complete graph with five vertices,...Ch. 5.3 - Dual Graph Every planar graph has what is called a...Ch. 5.4 - A one-way road ends at a two-way street. The...Ch. 5.4 - A one-way road intersects a two-way road in a...Ch. 5.4 - A two-way road intersects another two-way road in...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring A fictional map of the countries of a...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring A fictional map of the countries of a...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring A fictional map of the countries of a...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring A fictional map of the countries of a...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring Represent the map by a graph and find...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring Represent the map by a graph and find...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring Represent the map by a graph and find...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring Represent the map by a graph and find...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Six student clubs need to hold meetings...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Eight political committees must meet on...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Six different groups of children would...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Five different charity organizations...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Students in a film class have...Ch. 5.4 - Animal Housing A researcher has discovered six new...Ch. 5.4 - Wi-Fi Stations An office building is installing...Ch. 5.4 - Map Coloring Draw a map of a fictional continent...Ch. 5.4 - If the chromatic number of a graph with five...Ch. 5.4 - Edge Coloring In this section, we colored vertices...Ch. 5.4 - Scheduling Edge colorings, as explained in...Ch. 5 - (a) determine the number of edges in the graph,...Ch. 5 - (a) determine the number of edges in the graph,...Ch. 5 - Soccer In the table below, an X indicates teams...Ch. 5 - Each vertex in the graph at the left represents a...Ch. 5 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5 - Determine whether the two graphs are equivalent.Ch. 5 - Find an Euler path if possible, and (b) find an...Ch. 5 - Find an Euler path if possible, and (b) find an...Ch. 5 - Find an Euler path if possible, and (b) find an...Ch. 5 - Find an Euler path if possible, and (b) find an...Ch. 5 - Parks The figure shows an arrangement of bridges...Ch. 5 - Architecture The floor plan of a sculpture gallery...Ch. 5 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5 - Use Dirac's theorem to verify that the graph is...Ch. 5 - Travel The table below lists cities serviced by a...Ch. 5 - Travel For the direct flights given in Exercise...Ch. 5 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5 - Use the edge-picking algorithm to find a...Ch. 5 - Efficient Route The distances, in miles, between...Ch. 5 - Computer Networking A small office needs to...Ch. 5 - Show that the graphs is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5 - Show that the graphs is planar by finding a planar...Ch. 5 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5 - Show that the graph is not planar.Ch. 5 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces in...Ch. 5 - Count the number of vertices, edges, and faces in...Ch. 5 - Map Coloring, a fictional map is given showing the...Ch. 5 - Map Coloring, a fictional map is given showing the...Ch. 5 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5 - Show that the graph is 2-colorable by finding a...Ch. 5 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5 - Determine (by trial and error) the chromatic...Ch. 5 - Scheduling A company has scheduled a retreat at a...Ch. 5 - Social Network Each vertex in the graph at the...Ch. 5 - Determine whether the following two graphs are...Ch. 5 - Answer the following questions for the graph shown...Ch. 5 - Recreation The illustration below depicts bridges...Ch. 5 - a. What does Dirac's theorem state? Explain how it...Ch. 5 - Low-Cost Route The table below shows the cost of...Ch. 5 - Use the greedy algorithm to find a Hamiltonian...Ch. 5 - Sketch a planar drawing of the graph below. Show...Ch. 5 - Answer the following questions for the graph shown...Ch. 5 - Map Coloring A fictional map of the countries of a...Ch. 5 - For the graph shown below, find a 2-coloring of...Ch. 5 - A group of eight friends is planning a vacation in...

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