Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
4th Edition
ISBN: 9781118431221
Author: Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
Publisher: WILEY


Textbook Question
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Chapter 6, Problem 6.89P

Sodium bicarbonate is synthesized by reacting sodium carbonate with carbon dioxide and water at 70°C and 2.0 atm gauge pressure:

   Na 2 CO 3 +CO 2 +H 2 O 2NaHCO 3

An aqueous solution containing 7.00 wt% sodium carbonate and a gas stream containing 70.0 mole% CO2and the balance air are fed to the reactor. All of the sodium carbonate and some of the carbon dioxide in the feed react. The gas leaving the reactor, which contains the air and unreacted CO2, is saturated with water vapor at the reactor conditions. A liquid—solid slurry of sodium bicarbonate crystals in a saturated aqueous solution containing 2.4 wt% dissolved sodium bicarbonate and a negligible amount of dissolved CO2leaves the reactor and is pumped to a ?lter. The wet ?lter cake contains 86 wt% sodium bicarbonate crystals and the balance saturated solution, and the ?ltrate also is saturated solution. The production rate of solid crystals is 500 kg/h.

Suggestion: Although the problems to be given can be solved in terms of the product ?ow rate of 500 kg NaHCO3(s)/h, it might be easier to assume a different basis and then scale the process to the desired production rate of crystals.

(a) Calculate the composition (component mole fractions) and volumetric ?ow rate (m3/min) of the gas stream leaving the reactor.

(b) Calculate the feed rate of gas to the process in standard cubic meters/min [m3(STP)/min].

(c) Calculate the ?ow rate (kg/h) of the liquid feed to the process. What more would you need to know to calculate the volumetric ?ow rate of this stream?

(d) The ?ltrate was assumed to leave the ?lter as a saturated solution at 70°C. What would be the effect on your calculations if the temperature of the ?ltrate actually dropped to 50°C as it passed through the ?lter?

(e) The reactor pressure of 2 atm gauge was arrived at in an optimization study. What bene?t do you suppose would result from increasing the pressure? What penalty would be associated with this increase? The term “Henry's law" should appear in your explanation. (Hint: The reaction occurs in the liquid phase and the CO2enters the reactor as a gas. What step must precede the reaction?)

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version

Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.11PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.12PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.13PCh. 6 - Air at 50% relative humidity is cooled...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.15PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.16PCh. 6 - Air at 90°C and 1.00 atm (absolute) contains 10.0...Ch. 6 - When fermentation units are operated with high...Ch. 6 - When you step out of a shower, the temperature in...Ch. 6 - A fuel cell is an electrochemical device in which...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.21PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.22PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.23PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.24PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.25PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.26PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.27PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.28PCh. 6 - An air conditioner is designed to bring 10.000...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.30PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.31PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.32PCh. 6 - A gas stream containing 40.0 mole% hydrogen, 35.0%...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.34PCh. 6 - In the manufacture of an active pharmaceutical...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.36PCh. 6 - In the ?nal stage of the manufacturing process...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.38PCh. 6 - A fuel gas containing methane and ethane is burned...Ch. 6 - A mixture of propane and butane is burned with...Ch. 6 - An important parameter in the design of gas...Ch. 6 - A liquid stream consisting of 12.5 mole% n-butane...Ch. 6 - Nitric acid is a chemical intermediate primarily...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.44PCh. 6 - Sulfur trioxide (SO3) dissolves in and reacts with...Ch. 6 - State whether you would use Raoult’s law or Henrys...Ch. 6 - A gas containing nitrogen, benzene, and toluene is...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.48PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.49PCh. 6 - A conelation for methane solubility in...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.51PCh. 6 - The constituent partial pressures of a gas in...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.53PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.54PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.55PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.56PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.57PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.58PCh. 6 - Nitrogen is bubbled through a liquid mixture that...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.60PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.61PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.62PCh. 6 - The feed to a distillation column (sketched below)...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.64PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.65PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.66PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.67PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.68PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.69PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.70PCh. 6 - A methanol-water feed stream is introduced to a...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.72PCh. 6 - In this problem you will use a spreadsheet to...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.74PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.75PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.76PCh. 6 - Acetaldehyde is synthesized by the catalytic...Ch. 6 - Dehydration of natural gas is necessary to prevent...Ch. 6 - A two-unit process is used to separate H2S from a...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.80PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.81PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.82PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.83PCh. 6 - A solution containing 100 lbm KNO3/100 Ibm H2O at...Ch. 6 - A 10.0 wt% aqueous solution of sodium chloride is...Ch. 6 - Potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) is to be recovered...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.87PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.88PCh. 6 - Sodium bicarbonate is synthesized by reacting...Ch. 6 - An ore containing 90 wt% MgSO4(H2O and the balance...Ch. 6 - An aqueous waste stream leaving a process contains...Ch. 6 - A solution of diphenyl (MW = 154.2) in benzene is...Ch. 6 - An aqueous solution of urea (MW = 60.06) freezes...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.94PCh. 6 - Derive Equation 6.54 for the boiling-point...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.96PCh. 6 - A stream of 5.00 wt% oleic acid in cottonseed oil...Ch. 6 - Benzene and hexane are being considered as...Ch. 6 - Acetone is lo be extracted with n-hexane from a...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.100PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.101PCh. 6 - Five kilograms of a 30 wt% acetone70% water...Ch. 6 - An aqueous acetone solution is fed at a rate of...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.104PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.105PCh. 6 - Air at 25°C and 1 atm with a relative humidity of...Ch. 6 - Prob. 6.107PCh. 6 - Prob. 6.108PCh. 6 - Various amounts of activated carbon were added to...

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