Solvent

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    3 Test Solvents

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    Prepared 2 tables in the lab notebook with solutes and 3 test solvents which are : acetonitrile, cyclohexane and water. One will be for the solubility prediction and another one for the actual data. Predict whether or not the solute will be soluble in the 3 solvents on the table. Compare the IMF in solute and solvent to predict solubility. If soluble write (S),slightly soluble(SS) and (I) for insoluble and which IMF will be the dominant one. Starting with water as the solvent.Obtain 8 test tubes

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    from the solid tea leaves or ground coffee beans into hot water (the solvent). Insoluble plant material is left behind in the tea bag or coffee filter. During extraction, the mixture is brought together with a solvent in which the substance of interest is soluble, but the other substances present in the mixture are insoluble. Typical lab extractions are of organic compounds out of an aqueous

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    the centrifuge. Salt reduces solubility, which will force the organic parts of the mixture (the desired pigments for example) to separate into the organic layer at the top. Lastly, 75/25 hexane/acetone is added because this is a moderately polar solvent and will useful for both the non-polar and polar pigments present within the spinach leaves. A mixed solution of hexanes and acetone must be used because acetone is very polar, while hexane in very non-polar, and the spinach leaves contain both non-polar

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    universal solvent in Nature. However, the prevalent notion among today’s chemists is that water is often forgotten in organic synthesis; many considerations are taken in the process of selecting solvents, reagents, and conditions which are water-free. In addition to the obvious problem that concerns about the surrounding water-sensitive reactants, the main problem is solubility which is the requirement for reactions to occur, and it is a justification for the use of many organic solvents at the exclusion

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    Separating Acids and Neutral Compounds by Solvent Extraction Introduction The purpose of this experiment was to use solvent extraction techniques in order to separate a mixture consisting of a carboxylic acid (p-toulic acid), a phenol (p-tert-butylphenol), and a neutral compound (acetanilide). Extraction is the process of selectively dissolving one or more of the compounds of a mixture into an appropriate solvent, the solution that contains these dissolved compounds is called an extract (Manion

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    dispersion of untreated, APS, FHES and TMSO treated TRNPs in different solvents after centrifuging at 1000 rpm for 15 minutes. After centrifuging, if most of the particle settles down it is an indicator of poor dispersion of the particle in the solvent. When the relatively large particles settles down and small particles remains in the suspension it is an indicator of medium dispersion. If all the particles remains in the solvent and no precipitation is found it is an indicator of very good dispersion

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    As mentioned in the discussion, olive oil, vegetable oil, crisco, and lard were soluble in nonpolar solvents and insoluble in polar solvents. This is due to the chemical composition of polar and nonpolar substances which results from the molecular shape as well as properties of dissolving solutes in solution. Polar substances are hydrophilic and contain polar Van Der Waals interactions (intermolecular forces) such as dipole-dipole forces, ion-dipole forces, and hydrogen bonding. Nonpolar substances

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    Introduction Movement of a solvent through a semi-permeable membrane into a membrane of higher solute concentration that tends to equalize the concentration on the 2 sides of the membrane. Osmosis has the tendency of water to travel through a semi-permeable membrane from an area of high electrolyte concentration. This process occurs regularly within a fish as it is permanently surrounded by water as it is externally present in their natural environment and habitat. Dialysis is a similar separation

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    3.1 Material Polysulfone (INFO) supplied by (COMPANY) is used as a base polymer. N-dimethylformamide (DMF) as a solvent in casting solution, 2-propanol as a dye solvent, polyvinylpyrrolidone (INFO) and n-hexane are obtained from (COMPANY). ZIF-8 nanoparticles as a modification agent are obtained from (COMPANY). Dye (INFO) is obtained from (COMPANY). 3.2 Membrane Preparation The PSU/DMF casting solution was prepared by dissolving 18 wt% polysulfone and 1.5 wt% PVP in DMF at room temperature in

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    paired solvents to produce an equilibrium leaning towards one solvent over another, thereby extracting a compound from one liquid to the other (Padias 128-37). For example, consider a mixture containing two solutes, solute A and solute B, and two immiscible solvents, solvent A and solvent B. If solute A dissolves well into solvent A, but not very well into solvent B, and solute B dissolves well into solvent B but not very well into solvent A, there would be a higher ratio of solute A in solvent A than

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