The Internet : What Is The Internet?

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What is the Internet?
The Internet is the largest global computer network. First developed in the early 1960’s, a computer network is designed to support the sharing of digital information and data between individual computers (Mowery & Simcoe, 2002). The Internet is connected through a global series of servers that act as a “repository for information files” (December, 2006). When an individual accesses the Internet, a request is made to a server that then retrieves the relevant data and information. To allow for computers to send and receive information across the Internet, a series of protocols must be used. These protocols are known as the TCP/IP protocols (Transmission Control Protocols and Internet Protocols), they define how data is exchanged on the Internet (December, 2006). The Internet has developed to also provide infrastructure for applications such as email, file sharing and the World Wide Web.

What is the World Wide Web?
The World Wide Web (WWW or Web) is an application that relies on the Internet to function. The WWW was first developed as a concept of creating a “universal database of knowledge”, a way to link information easily for anybody to access (Johnson, 1995). The World Wide Web began in 1989. A simple system was created to use hypertext to transmit documents of information across the Internet (Johnson, 1995). The language used to create documents on the Web is known as HTML (HyperText Markup Language). HTML creates the documents and pages that
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