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Elementary Geometry for College St...

6th Edition
Daniel C. Alexander + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285195698

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Elementary Geometry for College St...

6th Edition
Daniel C. Alexander + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285195698
Textbook Problem
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In exercises 21 to 30. Use the drawings. Where provided, to solve each problem. Angle measures should be found to the nearest degree; lengths should be found to the nearest tenth of a unit.

In the evening, a tree that stands 12 ft tall casts a shadow. If the angle of depression from the top of the tree to the tip of the shadow is 55 ° , what is the length of the shadow?

Chapter 11.CR, Problem 21CR, In exercises 21 to 30. Use the drawings. Where provided, to solve each problem. Angle measures

To determine

To find:

what is the length of the shadow.

Explanation

Procedure used:

In any right triangle ABC with mA=θ we have the following ratios.

sinθ=OppositeHypotenuse

cosθ=AdjacentHypotenuse

tanθ=OppositeAdjacent

Calculation:

Given:

Height of the tree =12 ft

Length of the shadow =x

Angle of depression of the shadow =55°

Let us structure the given figure as follows as a right triangle.

In the above figure CZ is parallel to AB and CA is the transversal.

Thus, by the property that the alternate interior angles are equal, we have

mZCA=mCAB=55°

Thus, in ABC

mA=55°

BC=12 ft (Height of the tree)

AB=x (Length of the shadow)

(i

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Sect-11.1 P-11ESect-11.1 P-12ESect-11.1 P-13ESect-11.1 P-14ESect-11.1 P-15ESect-11.1 P-16ESect-11.1 P-17ESect-11.1 P-18ESect-11.1 P-19ESect-11.1 P-20ESect-11.1 P-21ESect-11.1 P-22ESect-11.1 P-23ESect-11.1 P-24ESect-11.1 P-25ESect-11.1 P-26ESect-11.1 P-27ESect-11.1 P-28ESect-11.1 P-29ESect-11.1 P-30ESect-11.1 P-31ESect-11.1 P-32ESect-11.1 P-33ESect-11.1 P-34ESect-11.1 P-35ESect-11.1 P-36ESect-11.1 P-37ESect-11.1 P-38ESect-11.1 P-39ESect-11.2 P-1ESect-11.2 P-2ESect-11.2 P-3ESect-11.2 P-4ESect-11.2 P-5ESect-11.2 P-6ESect-11.2 P-7ESect-11.2 P-8ESect-11.2 P-9ESect-11.2 P-10ESect-11.2 P-11ESect-11.2 P-12ESect-11.2 P-13ESect-11.2 P-14ESect-11.2 P-15ESect-11.2 P-16ESect-11.2 P-17ESect-11.2 P-18ESect-11.2 P-19ESect-11.2 P-20ESect-11.2 P-21ESect-11.2 P-22ESect-11.2 P-23ESect-11.2 P-24ESect-11.2 P-25ESect-11.2 P-26ESect-11.2 P-27ESect-11.2 P-28ESect-11.2 P-29ESect-11.2 P-30ESect-11.2 P-31ESect-11.2 P-32ESect-11.2 P-33ESect-11.2 P-34ESect-11.2 P-35ESect-11.2 P-36ESect-11.2 P-37ESect-11.2 P-38ESect-11.2 P-39ESect-11.2 P-40ESect-11.2 P-41ESect-11.2 P-42ESect-11.2 P-43ESect-11.2 P-44ESect-11.2 P-45ESect-11.3 P-1ESect-11.3 P-2ESect-11.3 P-3ESect-11.3 P-4ESect-11.3 P-5ESect-11.3 P-6ESect-11.3 P-7ESect-11.3 P-8ESect-11.3 P-9ESect-11.3 P-10ESect-11.3 P-11ESect-11.3 P-12ESect-11.3 P-13ESect-11.3 P-14ESect-11.3 P-15ESect-11.3 P-16ESect-11.3 P-17ESect-11.3 P-18ESect-11.3 P-19ESect-11.3 P-20ESect-11.3 P-21ESect-11.3 P-22ESect-11.3 P-23ESect-11.3 P-24ESect-11.3 P-25ESect-11.3 P-26ESect-11.3 P-27ESect-11.3 P-28ESect-11.3 P-29ESect-11.3 P-30ESect-11.3 P-31ESect-11.3 P-32ESect-11.3 P-33ESect-11.3 P-34ESect-11.3 P-35ESect-11.3 P-36ESect-11.3 P-37ESect-11.3 P-38ESect-11.3 P-39ESect-11.3 P-40ESect-11.3 P-41ESect-11.3 P-42ESect-11.3 P-43ESect-11.3 P-44ESect-11.3 P-45ESect-11.3 P-46ESect-11.3 P-47ESect-11.4 P-1ESect-11.4 P-2ESect-11.4 P-3ESect-11.4 P-4ESect-11.4 P-5ESect-11.4 P-6ESect-11.4 P-7ESect-11.4 P-8ESect-11.4 P-9ESect-11.4 P-10ESect-11.4 P-11ESect-11.4 P-12ESect-11.4 P-13ESect-11.4 P-14ESect-11.4 P-15ESect-11.4 P-16ESect-11.4 P-17ESect-11.4 P-18ESect-11.4 P-19ESect-11.4 P-20ESect-11.4 P-21ESect-11.4 P-22ESect-11.4 P-23ESect-11.4 P-24ESect-11.4 P-25ESect-11.4 P-26ESect-11.4 P-27ESect-11.4 P-28ESect-11.4 P-29ESect-11.4 P-30ESect-11.4 P-31ESect-11.4 P-32ESect-11.4 P-33ESect-11.4 P-34ESect-11.4 P-35ESect-11.4 P-36ESect-11.4 P-37ESect-11.4 P-38ESect-11.4 P-39ESect-11.4 P-40ESect-11.4 P-41ESect-11.4 P-42ESect-11.4 P-43ESect-11.4 P-44ESect-11.CR P-1CRSect-11.CR P-2CRSect-11.CR P-3CRSect-11.CR P-4CRSect-11.CR P-5CRSect-11.CR P-6CRSect-11.CR P-7CRSect-11.CR P-8CRSect-11.CR P-9CRSect-11.CR P-10CRSect-11.CR P-11CRSect-11.CR P-12CRSect-11.CR P-13CRSect-11.CR P-14CRSect-11.CR P-15CRSect-11.CR P-16CRSect-11.CR P-17CRSect-11.CR P-18CRSect-11.CR P-19CRSect-11.CR P-20CRSect-11.CR P-21CRSect-11.CR P-22CRSect-11.CR P-23CRSect-11.CR P-24CRSect-11.CR P-25CRSect-11.CR P-26CRSect-11.CR P-27CRSect-11.CR P-28CRSect-11.CR P-29CRSect-11.CR P-30CRSect-11.CR P-31CRSect-11.CR P-32CRSect-11.CR P-33CRSect-11.CR P-34CRSect-11.CT P-1CTSect-11.CT P-2CTSect-11.CT P-3CTSect-11.CT P-4CTSect-11.CT P-5CTSect-11.CT P-6CTSect-11.CT P-7CTSect-11.CT P-8CTSect-11.CT P-9CTSect-11.CT P-10CTSect-11.CT P-11CTSect-11.CT P-12CTSect-11.CT P-13CTSect-11.CT P-14CTSect-11.CT P-15CTSect-11.CT P-16CTSect-11.CT P-17CTSect-11.CT P-18CTSect-11.CT P-19CTSect-11.CT P-20CT

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