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Elementary Geometry for College St...

6th Edition
Daniel C. Alexander + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285195698

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Elementary Geometry for College St...

6th Edition
Daniel C. Alexander + 1 other
ISBN: 9781285195698
Textbook Problem
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In Exercises 21 to 30, use the drawings, where provided, to solve each problem, Angle measures should be found to the nearest degree; lengths should be found to the nearest tenth of a unit.

An observer in a plane 2500 m high sights two ships below. The angle of depression to one ship is 32 ° , and the angle of depression to the other ship is 44 ° . How far apart are the ships?

Chapter 11.CR, Problem 30CR, In Exercises 21 to 30, use the drawings, where provided, to solve each problem, Angle measures

To determine

To find:

The distance between the ships. An observer in a plane 2500 m high sights two ships below, the angle of depression to one ship is 32° and for other ship. 44°.

Explanation

Procedure used:

In any right triangle ABC with mA=θ we have the following ratios.

sinθ=OppositeHypotenuse

cosθ=AdjacentHypotenuse

tanθ=OppositeAdjacent

Calculation:

Given:

Height of the plane =2500 m.

Angle of depression of the ships are 32° and 44°.

Let us structure the given figure as a right triangle as follows.

From the above figure we have

CD=2500 m,

mZDA=32°, and

mZDB=44°

Let ‘x’ be the distance between the ships.

AB=x

BC=y (say), and

CA=BC+AB

CA=x+y`

Also by the property that the alternate interior angles are equal we have

mZDA=mDAC=32° and

mZDB=mDBC=44°

In the above figure we have two right angle triangle BCD and ACD.

Take the BCD and apply the ratio tanθ=OppositeAdjacent

tan44°=CDBC

0

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Sect-11.1 P-11ESect-11.1 P-12ESect-11.1 P-13ESect-11.1 P-14ESect-11.1 P-15ESect-11.1 P-16ESect-11.1 P-17ESect-11.1 P-18ESect-11.1 P-19ESect-11.1 P-20ESect-11.1 P-21ESect-11.1 P-22ESect-11.1 P-23ESect-11.1 P-24ESect-11.1 P-25ESect-11.1 P-26ESect-11.1 P-27ESect-11.1 P-28ESect-11.1 P-29ESect-11.1 P-30ESect-11.1 P-31ESect-11.1 P-32ESect-11.1 P-33ESect-11.1 P-34ESect-11.1 P-35ESect-11.1 P-36ESect-11.1 P-37ESect-11.1 P-38ESect-11.1 P-39ESect-11.2 P-1ESect-11.2 P-2ESect-11.2 P-3ESect-11.2 P-4ESect-11.2 P-5ESect-11.2 P-6ESect-11.2 P-7ESect-11.2 P-8ESect-11.2 P-9ESect-11.2 P-10ESect-11.2 P-11ESect-11.2 P-12ESect-11.2 P-13ESect-11.2 P-14ESect-11.2 P-15ESect-11.2 P-16ESect-11.2 P-17ESect-11.2 P-18ESect-11.2 P-19ESect-11.2 P-20ESect-11.2 P-21ESect-11.2 P-22ESect-11.2 P-23ESect-11.2 P-24ESect-11.2 P-25ESect-11.2 P-26ESect-11.2 P-27ESect-11.2 P-28ESect-11.2 P-29ESect-11.2 P-30ESect-11.2 P-31ESect-11.2 P-32ESect-11.2 P-33ESect-11.2 P-34ESect-11.2 P-35ESect-11.2 P-36ESect-11.2 P-37ESect-11.2 P-38ESect-11.2 P-39ESect-11.2 P-40ESect-11.2 P-41ESect-11.2 P-42ESect-11.2 P-43ESect-11.2 P-44ESect-11.2 P-45ESect-11.3 P-1ESect-11.3 P-2ESect-11.3 P-3ESect-11.3 P-4ESect-11.3 P-5ESect-11.3 P-6ESect-11.3 P-7ESect-11.3 P-8ESect-11.3 P-9ESect-11.3 P-10ESect-11.3 P-11ESect-11.3 P-12ESect-11.3 P-13ESect-11.3 P-14ESect-11.3 P-15ESect-11.3 P-16ESect-11.3 P-17ESect-11.3 P-18ESect-11.3 P-19ESect-11.3 P-20ESect-11.3 P-21ESect-11.3 P-22ESect-11.3 P-23ESect-11.3 P-24ESect-11.3 P-25ESect-11.3 P-26ESect-11.3 P-27ESect-11.3 P-28ESect-11.3 P-29ESect-11.3 P-30ESect-11.3 P-31ESect-11.3 P-32ESect-11.3 P-33ESect-11.3 P-34ESect-11.3 P-35ESect-11.3 P-36ESect-11.3 P-37ESect-11.3 P-38ESect-11.3 P-39ESect-11.3 P-40ESect-11.3 P-41ESect-11.3 P-42ESect-11.3 P-43ESect-11.3 P-44ESect-11.3 P-45ESect-11.3 P-46ESect-11.3 P-47ESect-11.4 P-1ESect-11.4 P-2ESect-11.4 P-3ESect-11.4 P-4ESect-11.4 P-5ESect-11.4 P-6ESect-11.4 P-7ESect-11.4 P-8ESect-11.4 P-9ESect-11.4 P-10ESect-11.4 P-11ESect-11.4 P-12ESect-11.4 P-13ESect-11.4 P-14ESect-11.4 P-15ESect-11.4 P-16ESect-11.4 P-17ESect-11.4 P-18ESect-11.4 P-19ESect-11.4 P-20ESect-11.4 P-21ESect-11.4 P-22ESect-11.4 P-23ESect-11.4 P-24ESect-11.4 P-25ESect-11.4 P-26ESect-11.4 P-27ESect-11.4 P-28ESect-11.4 P-29ESect-11.4 P-30ESect-11.4 P-31ESect-11.4 P-32ESect-11.4 P-33ESect-11.4 P-34ESect-11.4 P-35ESect-11.4 P-36ESect-11.4 P-37ESect-11.4 P-38ESect-11.4 P-39ESect-11.4 P-40ESect-11.4 P-41ESect-11.4 P-42ESect-11.4 P-43ESect-11.4 P-44ESect-11.CR P-1CRSect-11.CR P-2CRSect-11.CR P-3CRSect-11.CR P-4CRSect-11.CR P-5CRSect-11.CR P-6CRSect-11.CR P-7CRSect-11.CR P-8CRSect-11.CR P-9CRSect-11.CR P-10CRSect-11.CR P-11CRSect-11.CR P-12CRSect-11.CR P-13CRSect-11.CR P-14CRSect-11.CR P-15CRSect-11.CR P-16CRSect-11.CR P-17CRSect-11.CR P-18CRSect-11.CR P-19CRSect-11.CR P-20CRSect-11.CR P-21CRSect-11.CR P-22CRSect-11.CR P-23CRSect-11.CR P-24CRSect-11.CR P-25CRSect-11.CR P-26CRSect-11.CR P-27CRSect-11.CR P-28CRSect-11.CR P-29CRSect-11.CR P-30CRSect-11.CR P-31CRSect-11.CR P-32CRSect-11.CR P-33CRSect-11.CR P-34CRSect-11.CT P-1CTSect-11.CT P-2CTSect-11.CT P-3CTSect-11.CT P-4CTSect-11.CT P-5CTSect-11.CT P-6CTSect-11.CT P-7CTSect-11.CT P-8CTSect-11.CT P-9CTSect-11.CT P-10CTSect-11.CT P-11CTSect-11.CT P-12CTSect-11.CT P-13CTSect-11.CT P-14CTSect-11.CT P-15CTSect-11.CT P-16CTSect-11.CT P-17CTSect-11.CT P-18CTSect-11.CT P-19CTSect-11.CT P-20CT

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