Math

CalculusMultivariable CalculusThe diffusion equation ∂ c ∂ t = D ∂ 2 c ∂ x 2 where D is a positive constant, describes the diffusion of heat through a solid, or the concentration of a pollutant at time t at a distance x from the source of the pollution, or the invasion of alien species into a new habitat. Verify that the function c ( x , t ) = 1 4 π D t e − x 2 / ( 4 D t ) is a solution of the diffusion equation.BuyFind*launch*

8th Edition

James Stewart

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305266643

Chapter 14.3, Problem 81E

Textbook Problem

The diffusion equation

where *D* is a positive constant, describes the diffusion of heat through a solid, or the concentration of a pollutant at time *t* at a distance *x* from the source of the pollution, or the invasion of alien species into a new habitat. Verify that the function

is a solution of the diffusion equation.

Multivariable Calculus

Ch. 14.1 - In Example 2 we considered the function W = f(T,...Ch. 14.1 - The temperature-humidity index I (or humidex, for...Ch. 14.1 - A manufacturer has modeled its yearly production...Ch. 14.1 - Verify for the Cobb-Douglas production function...Ch. 14.1 - A model for the surface area of a human body is...Ch. 14.1 - The wind-chill index W discussed in Example 2 has...Ch. 14.1 - The wave heights h in the open sea depend on the...Ch. 14.1 - A company makes three sizes of cardboard boxes:...Ch. 14.1 - Let g(x, y) = cos(x + 2y). (a) Evaluate g(2, 1)....Ch. 14.1 - Let F(x,y)=1+4y2. (a) Evaluate F(3,1). (b) Find...

Ch. 14.1 - Let f(x,y,z)=x+y+z+ln(4x2y2z2). (a) Evaluate f(1,...Ch. 14.1 - Let g(x,y,z)=x3y2z10xyz. (a) Evaluate g(1, 2, 3)....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 13....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 14....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 15....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 17....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 18....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 19....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 20....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 21....Ch. 14.1 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 22....Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 23. f(x, y) = yCh. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 24. f(x, y) = x2Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 25. f(x, y) = 10...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 26. f(x, y) =...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 27. f(x, y) =...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 28. f(x, y) = 2 ...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 29. f(x, y) = x2...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 30....Ch. 14.1 - Sketch the graph of the function. 31....Ch. 14.1 - Match the function with its graph (labeled IVI)....Ch. 14.1 - A contour map for a function f is shown. Use it to...Ch. 14.1 - Shown is a contour map of atmospheric pressure in...Ch. 14.1 - Level curves (isothermals) are shown for the...Ch. 14.1 - Two contour maps are shown. One is for a function...Ch. 14.1 - Locate the points A and B on the map of Lonesome...Ch. 14.1 - Make a rough sketch of a contour map for the...Ch. 14.1 - The body mass index (BMI) of a person is defined...Ch. 14.1 - The body mass index is defined in Exercise 39....Ch. 14.1 - A contour map of a function is shown. Use it to...Ch. 14.1 - A contour map of a function is shown. Use it to...Ch. 14.1 - A contour map of a function is shown. Use it to...Ch. 14.1 - A contour map of a function is shown. Use it to...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Draw a contour map of the function showing several...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch both a contour map and a graph of the...Ch. 14.1 - Sketch both a contour map and a graph of the...Ch. 14.1 - A thin metal plate, located in the xy-plane, has...Ch. 14.1 - If V(x, y) is the electric potential at a point...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Match the function (a) with its graph (labeled AF...Ch. 14.1 - Describe the level surfaces of the function. 67....Ch. 14.1 - Describe the level surfaces of the function. 68....Ch. 14.1 - Describe the level surfaces of the function. 69....Ch. 14.1 - Describe the level surfaces of the function. 70....Ch. 14.1 - Describe how the graph of g is obtained from the...Ch. 14.1 - Describe how the graph of g is obtained from the...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to graph the function using various...Ch. 14.1 - Graph the function using various domains and...Ch. 14.1 - Graph the function using various domains and...Ch. 14.1 - Investigate the family of functions...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to investigate the family of...Ch. 14.1 - Use a computer to investigate the family of...Ch. 14.1 - Graph the functions f(x,y)=x2+y2 f(x,y)=ex2+y2...Ch. 14.1 - (a) Show that, by taking logarithms, the general...Ch. 14.2 - Suppose that lim(x, y) (3, 1) = 6. What can you...Ch. 14.2 - Explain why each function is continuous or...Ch. 14.2 - Use a table of numerical values of f(x, y) for (x,...Ch. 14.2 - Use a table of numerical values of f(x, y) for (x,...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit, if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit, if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - Find the limit if it exists, or show that the...Ch. 14.2 - U se a computer graph of the function to explain...Ch. 14.2 - U se a computer graph of the function to explain...Ch. 14.2 - Find h(x, y) = g(f(x, y)) and the set of points at...Ch. 14.2 - Find h(x, y) = g(f(x, y)) and the set of points at...Ch. 14.2 - Graph the function and observe where it is...Ch. 14.2 - Graph the function and observe where it is...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Determine the set of points at which the function...Ch. 14.2 - Use polar coordinates to find the limit, [If (r, )...Ch. 14.2 - Use polar coordinates to find the limit, [If (r, )...Ch. 14.2 - Use polar coordinates to find the limit, [If (r, )...Ch. 14.2 - At the beginning of this section we considered the...Ch. 14.2 - Graph and discuss the continuity of the function...Ch. 14.2 - Let f(x,y)={0ify0oryx41if0yx4 (a) Show that f(x,...Ch. 14.2 - Show that the function f given by f(x) = |x| is...Ch. 14.2 - If c Vn, show that the function f given by f(x) =...Ch. 14.3 - The temperature T (in C) at a location in the...Ch. 14.3 - At the beginning of this section we discussed the...Ch. 14.3 - The wind-chill index W in die perceived...Ch. 14.3 - The wave heights h in the open sea depend on the...Ch. 14.3 - Determine the signs of the partial derivatives for...Ch. 14.3 - Determine the signs of the partial derivatives for...Ch. 14.3 - Determine the signs of the partial derivatives for...Ch. 14.3 - Determine the signs of the partial derivatives for...Ch. 14.3 - The following surfaces, labeled a, b, and c, are...Ch. 14.3 - A contour map is given for a function f. Use it to...Ch. 14.3 - If f(x, y) = 16 4x2 y2, find fx(1, 2) and fy(1,...Ch. 14.3 - If f(x,y)=4x24y2, find fx(1,0) and fy(1, 0) and...Ch. 14.3 - Find fx and fy and graph f, fx, and fy with...Ch. 14.3 - Find fx and fy and graph f, fx, and fy with...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the first partial derivatives of the...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative. 41. R(s, t)...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative. 42....Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative. 43....Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative. 44. f(x, y,...Ch. 14.3 - Use the definition of partial derivatives as...Ch. 14.3 - Use the definition of partial derivatives as...Ch. 14.3 - Use implicit differentiation to find z/x and z/y....Ch. 14.3 - Use implicit differentiation to find z/x and z/y....Ch. 14.3 - Use implicit differentiation to find z/x and z/y....Ch. 14.3 - Use implicit differentiation to find z/x and z/y....Ch. 14.3 - Find z/x and z/y. 51. (a) z = f(x) + g(y) (b) z =...Ch. 14.3 - Find z/x and z/y. 52. (a) z = f(x)g(y) (b) z =...Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 53. f(x,...Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 54. f(x,...Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 55....Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 56. T =...Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 57. v =...Ch. 14.3 - Find all the second partial derivatives. 58....Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the conclusion of Clairauts Theorem...Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the conclusion of Clairauts Theorem...Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the conclusion of Clairauts Theorem...Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the conclusion of Clairauts Theorem...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 63. f(x,...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 64. f(x,...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 65....Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 66. g(r,...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 67....Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 68. V =...Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 69....Ch. 14.3 - Find the indicated partial derivative(s). 70. u =...Ch. 14.3 - If f(x,y,z)=xy2z3+arcsin(xz), find fxzy. [Hint:...Ch. 14.3 - If g(x,y,z)=1+xz+1xy, find gxyz. [Hint: Which...Ch. 14.3 - Use the table of values of f(x, y) to estimate the...Ch. 14.3 - Level curves are shown for a function f. Determine...Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the function u=e2k2tsinkx is a...Ch. 14.3 - Determine whether each of the following functions...Ch. 14.3 - Verify that the function u=1/x2+y2+z2 is a...Ch. 14.3 - Show that each of the following functions is a...Ch. 14.3 - If f and g are twice differentiable functions of a...Ch. 14.3 - If u=ea1x1+a2x2++anxn, where a12+a22++an2=1, show...Ch. 14.3 - The diffusion equation ct=D2cx2 where D is a...Ch. 14.3 - The temperature at a point (x, y) on a flat metal...Ch. 14.3 - The total resistance R produced by three...Ch. 14.3 - Show that the Cobb-Douglas production function P =...Ch. 14.3 - Show that the Cobb-Douglas production function...Ch. 14.3 - Cobb and Douglas used the equation P(L, K) =...Ch. 14.3 - The van der Waals equation for n moles of a gas is...Ch. 14.3 - The gas law for a fixed mass m of an ideal gas at...Ch. 14.3 - For the ideal gas of Exercise 88, show that...Ch. 14.3 - The wind-chill index is modeled by the function W...Ch. 14.3 - A model for the surface area of a human body is...Ch. 14.3 - One of Poiseuilles laws states that the resistance...Ch. 14.3 - In the project on page 344 we expressed the power...Ch. 14.3 - The average energy E (in kcal) needed for a lizard...Ch. 14.3 - The kinetic energy of a body with mass m and...Ch. 14.3 - If a, b, c are the sides of a triangle and A, B, C...Ch. 14.3 - You are told that there is a function f whose...Ch. 14.3 - The paraboloid z = 6 x x22y2 intersects the...Ch. 14.3 - The ellipsoid 4x2 + 2y2 + z2 = 16 intersects the...Ch. 14.3 - In a study of frost penetration it was found that...Ch. 14.3 - Use Clairauts Theorem to show that if the...Ch. 14.3 - (a) How many nth-order partial derivatives does a...Ch. 14.3 - If f(x,y)=x(x2+y2)3/2esin(x2y) find fx(1,0)....Ch. 14.3 - If f(x,y)=x3+y33 find fx(0, 0).Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Find an equation of the tangent plane to the given...Ch. 14.4 - Graph the surface and the tangent plane at the...Ch. 14.4 - Graph the surface and the tangent plane at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Explain why the function is differentiable at the...Ch. 14.4 - Verify the linear approximation at (0, 0). 17. ex...Ch. 14.4 - Verify the linear approximation at (0, 0). 18....Ch. 14.4 - Given that f is a differentiable function with...Ch. 14.4 - Find the linear approximation of the function f(x,...Ch. 14.4 - Find the linear approximation of the function...Ch. 14.4 - The wave heights h in the open sea depend on the...Ch. 14.4 - Use the table in Example 3 to find a linear...Ch. 14.4 - The wind-chill index W is the perceived...Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 25. z = e2x...Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 26....Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 27. m =...Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 28....Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 29. R = 2...Ch. 14.4 - Find the differential of the function. 30....Ch. 14.4 - If z = 5x2 + y2 and (x, y) changes from (1, 2) to...Ch. 14.4 - If z = x2 xy + 3y2 and (x, y) changes from (3, 1)...Ch. 14.4 - The length and width of a rectangle are measured...Ch. 14.4 - Use differentials to estimate the amount of metal...Ch. 14.4 - Use differentials to estimate the amount of tin in...Ch. 14.4 - The wind-chill index is modeled by the function W...Ch. 14.4 - The tension T in the string of the yo-yo in the...Ch. 14.4 - The pressure, volume, and temperature of a mole of...Ch. 14.4 - If R is the total resistance of three resistors,...Ch. 14.4 - A model for the surface area of a human body is...Ch. 14.4 - In Exercise 14.1.39 and Example 14.3.3, the body...Ch. 14.4 - Suppose you need to know an equation of the...Ch. 14.4 - Show that the function is differentiable by...Ch. 14.4 - Show that the function is differentiable by...Ch. 14.4 - Prove that if f is a function of two variables...Ch. 14.4 - (a) The function...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 1. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 2....Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 3. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 4....Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 5. w =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find dz/dt or dw/dt. 6. w =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 7. z = (x ...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 8. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 9. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 10. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 11. z = er...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find z/s and z/t. 12. z =...Ch. 14.5 - Let p(t) = f(x,y), where f is differentiable, x =...Ch. 14.5 - Let R(s, t) = G(u(s, t), v(s, t)), where G, u, and...Ch. 14.5 - Suppose f is a differentiable function of x and y,...Ch. 14.5 - Suppose f is a differentiable function of x and y,...Ch. 14.5 - Use a tree diagram to write out the Chain Rule for...Ch. 14.5 - Use a tree diagram to write out the Chain Rule for...Ch. 14.5 - Use a tree diagram to write out the Chain Rule for...Ch. 14.5 - Use a tree diagram to write out the Chain Rule for...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use the Chain Rule to find the indicated partial...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equation 6 to find dy/dx. 27. y cos x = x2 +...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equation 6 to find dy/dx. 28. cos(xy) = 1 +...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equation 6 to find dy/dx. 29. tan1(x2y) = x +...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equation 6 to find dy/dx. 30. ey sin x = x +...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equations 7 to find z/x and z/y. 31. x2 + 2y2...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equations 7 to find z/x and z/y. 32. x2 y2 +...Ch. 14.5 - Use Equations 7 to find z/x and z/y. 33. ez = xyzCh. 14.5 - Use Equations 7 to find z/x and z/y. 34. yz + x ln...Ch. 14.5 - The temperature at a point (x, y) is T(x, y),...Ch. 14.5 - Wheat production W in a given year depends on the...Ch. 14.5 - The speed of sound traveling through ocean water...Ch. 14.5 - The radius of a right circular cone is increasing...Ch. 14.5 - The length , width w, and height h of a box change...Ch. 14.5 - The voltage V in a simple electrical circuit is...Ch. 14.5 - The pressure of 1 mole of an ideal gas is...Ch. 14.5 - A manufacturer has modeled its yearly production...Ch. 14.5 - One side of a triangle is increasing at a rate of...Ch. 14.5 - A sound with frequency fs, is produced by a source...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions are...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions are...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions are...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions are...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions have...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions have...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions have...Ch. 14.5 - Assume that all the given functions have...Ch. 14.5 - A function f is called homogeneous of degree n if...Ch. 14.5 - If f is homogeneous of degree n, show that...Ch. 14.5 - If f is homogeneous of degree n, show that fx(tx,...Ch. 14.5 - Suppose that the equation F(x, y, z) = 0...Ch. 14.5 - Equation 6 is a formula for the derivative dy/dx...Ch. 14.6 - Level curves for barometric pressure (in...Ch. 14.6 - The contour map shows the average maximum...Ch. 14.6 - A table of values for the wind-chill index W =...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Find the gradient of f. (b) Evaluate the...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Find the gradient of f. (b) Evaluate the...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Find the gradient of f. (b) Evaluate the...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Find the gradient of f. (b) Evaluate the...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of the function at...Ch. 14.6 - Use the figure to estimate Du, f(2, 2).Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of f(x, y) = xy at...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directional derivative of f(x, y, z) =...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - Find the maximum rate of change of f at the given...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Show that a differentiable function f...Ch. 14.6 - Find the directions in which the directional...Ch. 14.6 - Find all points at which the direction of fastest...Ch. 14.6 - Near a buoy, the depth of a lake at the point with...Ch. 14.6 - The temperature T in a metal ball is inversely...Ch. 14.6 - The temperature at a point (x, y, z) is given by...Ch. 14.6 - Suppose that over a certain region of space the...Ch. 14.6 - Suppose you are climbing a hill whose shape is...Ch. 14.6 - Let f be a function of two variables that has...Ch. 14.6 - Shown is a topographic map of Blue River Pine...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the operation of taking the gradient of...Ch. 14.6 - Sketch the gradient vector f(4. 6) for the...Ch. 14.6 - The second directional derivative of f(x, y) is...Ch. 14.6 - (a) If u = a, b is a unit vector and f has...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14.6 - Use a computer to graph the surface, the tangent...Ch. 14.6 - Use a computer to graph the surface, the tangent...Ch. 14.6 - If f(x, y) = xy, find the gradient vector f(3, 2)...Ch. 14.6 - If g(x, y) = x2 + y2 4x, find the gradient vector...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the equation of the tangent plane to the...Ch. 14.6 - Find the equation of the tangent plane to the...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the equation of the tangent plane to the...Ch. 14.6 - At what point on the ellipsoid x2 + y2 + 2z2 = 1...Ch. 14.6 - Are there any points on the hyperboloid x2 y2 z2...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the ellipsoid 3x2 + 2y2 + z2 = 9 and the...Ch. 14.6 - Show that every plane that is tangent to the cone...Ch. 14.6 - Show that every normal line to the sphere x2 + y2...Ch. 14.6 - Where does the normal line to the paraboloid z =...Ch. 14.6 - At what points does the normal line through the...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the sum of the x-, y-, and z-intercepts...Ch. 14.6 - Show that the pyramids cut off from the first...Ch. 14.6 - Find parametric equations tor the tangent line to...Ch. 14.6 - (a) The plane y + z = 3 intersects the cylinder x2...Ch. 14.6 - Where does the helix r(t) = cos t, sin t, t...Ch. 14.6 - The helix r(t) = cos(t/2), sin(t/2), t) intersects...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Two surfaces are called orthogonal at a point...Ch. 14.6 - (a) Show that the function f(x, y) = xy3 is...Ch. 14.6 - Suppose that the directional derivatives of f(x,...Ch. 14.6 - Show that if z = f(x, y) is differentiable at x0 =...Ch. 14.7 - Suppose (1, 1) is a critical point of a function f...Ch. 14.7 - Suppose (0, 2) is a critical point of a function y...Ch. 14.7 - Use the level curves in the figure to predict the...Ch. 14.7 - Use the level curves in the figure to predict the...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14.7 - Show that f(x, y) = x2 + 4y2 4xy + 2 has an...Ch. 14.7 - Show that f(x,y)=x2yex2y2 has maximum values at...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graph or level curves or both to estimate...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graph or level curves or both to estimate...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graph or level curves or both to estimate...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graph or level curves or both to estimate...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graphing device as in Example 4 (or Newtons...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graphing device as in Example 4 (or Newtons...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graphing device as in Example 4 (or Newtons...Ch. 14.7 - Use a graphing device as in Example 4 (or Newtons...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14.7 - For functions of one variable it is impossible for...Ch. 14.7 - If a function of one variable is continuous on an...Ch. 14.7 - Find the shortest distance from the |point (2, 0,...Ch. 14.7 - Find the point on the plane x 2y + 3z = 6 that is...Ch. 14.7 - Find the points on the cone z2 = x2 + y2 that are...Ch. 14.7 - Find the points on the surface y2 = 9 + xz that...Ch. 14.7 - Find three positive numbers whose sum is 100 and...Ch. 14.7 - Find three positive numbers whose sum is 12 and...Ch. 14.7 - Find the maximum volume of a rectangular box that...Ch. 14.7 - Find the dimensions of the box with volume 1000...Ch. 14.7 - Find the volume of the largest rectangular box in...Ch. 14.7 - Find the dimensions of the rectangular box with...Ch. 14.7 - Find the dimensions of a rectangular box of...Ch. 14.7 - The base of an aquarium with given volume V is...Ch. 14.7 - A cardboard box without a lid is to have a volume...Ch. 14.7 - A rectangular building is being designed to...Ch. 14.7 - If the length of the diagonal of a rectangular box...Ch. 14.7 - A model for the yield Y of an agricultural crop as...Ch. 14.7 - The Shannon index (sometimes called the...Ch. 14.7 - Three alleles (alternative versions of a gene) A,...Ch. 14.7 - Suppose that a scientist has reason to believe...Ch. 14.7 - Find an equation of the plane that passes through...Ch. 14.8 - Pictured are a contour map of f and a curve with...Ch. 14.8 - (a) Use a graphing calculator or computer to graph...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - Each of these extreme value problems has a...Ch. 14.8 - The method of Lagrange multipliers assumes that...Ch. 14.8 - Find the minimum value of f(x, y, z) = x2 + 2y2 +...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f subject to both...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f subject to both...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f subject to both...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f subject to both...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f on the region...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f on the region...Ch. 14.8 - Find the extreme values of f on the region...Ch. 14.8 - Consider the problem of maximizing the function...Ch. 14.8 - Consider the problem of minimizing the function...Ch. 14.8 - The total production P of a certain product...Ch. 14.8 - Referring to Exercise 27, we now suppose that the...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to prove that the...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to prove that the...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Use Lagrange multipliers to give an alternate...Ch. 14.8 - Find the maximum and minimum volumes of a...Ch. 14.8 - The plane x + y + 2z = 2 intersects the paraboloid...Ch. 14.8 - The plane 4x 3y + 8z = 5 intersects the cone z2 =...Ch. 14.8 - (a) Find the maximum value of...Ch. 14.8 - (a) Maximize i=1nxiyi subject to the constraints...Ch. 14 - (a) What is a function of two variables? (b)...Ch. 14 - What is a function of three variables? How can you...Ch. 14 - What does lim(x,y)(a,b)f(x,y)=L mean? How can you...Ch. 14 - (a) What does it mean to say that f is continuous...Ch. 14 - (a) Write expressions for the partial derivatives...Ch. 14 - What does Clairauts Theorem say?Ch. 14 - How do you find a tangent plane to each of the...Ch. 14 - Define the linearization of f at (a, b). What is...Ch. 14 - (a) What does it mean to say that f is...Ch. 14 - If z = f(x, y), what arc the differentials dx, dy,...Ch. 14 - State the Chain Rule for the case where z = f(x,...Ch. 14 - If z is defined implicitly as a function of x and...Ch. 14 - (a) Write an expression as a limit for the...Ch. 14 - (a) Define the gradient vector f for a function f...Ch. 14 - What do the following statements mean? (a) f has a...Ch. 14 - (a) If f has a local maximum at (a, b), what can...Ch. 14 - State the Second Derivatives Test.Ch. 14 - (a) What is a closed set in 2? What is a bounded...Ch. 14 - Explain how the method of Lagrange multipliers...Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Determine whether the statement is true or false....Ch. 14 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 1....Ch. 14 - Find and sketch the domain of the function. 2....Ch. 14 - Sketch the graph of the function. 3. f(x, y) = 1 ...Ch. 14 - Sketch the graph of the function. 4. f(x, y) = x2...Ch. 14 - Sketch several level curves of the function. 5....Ch. 14 - Sketch several level curves of the function. 6....Ch. 14 - Make a rough sketch of a contour map for the...Ch. 14 - The contour map of a function f is shown, (a)...Ch. 14 - Evaluate the limit or show that it does not exist....Ch. 14 - Evaluate the limit or show that it does not exist....Ch. 14 - A metal plate is situated in the xy-plane and...Ch. 14 - Find a linear approximation to the temperature...Ch. 14 - Find the first partial derivatives. 13. f(x, y) =...Ch. 14 - Find the first partial derivatives. 14....Ch. 14 - Find the first partial derivatives. 15. F(, ) = 2...Ch. 14 - Find the first partial derivatives. 16. G(x, y, z)...Ch. 14 - Find the first partial derivatives. 17....Ch. 14 - The speed of sound traveling through ocean water...Ch. 14 - Find all second partial derivatives of f. 19. f(x,...Ch. 14 - Find all second partial derivatives of f. 20. z =...Ch. 14 - Find all second partial derivatives of f. 21. f(x,...Ch. 14 - Find all second partial derivatives of f. 22. v =...Ch. 14 - If z = xy + xey/x show that xzx+yzy=xy+z.Ch. 14 - If z = sin(x + sin t), show that zx2zxt=zt2zx2Ch. 14 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14 - Find equations of (a) the tangent plane and (b)...Ch. 14 - Use a computer to graph the surface z = x2 + y4...Ch. 14 - Find the points on the hyperboloid x2 + 4y2 z2 =...Ch. 14 - Find du if u = ln(1 + se2t).Ch. 14 - Find the linear approximation of the function...Ch. 14 - The two legs of a right triangle are measured as 5...Ch. 14 - If u = x2y3 + z4, where x = p + 3p2, y = pep, and...Ch. 14 - If v = x2sin y + yexy, where x = s + 2t and y =...Ch. 14 - Suppose z = f(x, y), where x = g(s, t), y = h(s,...Ch. 14 - Use a tree diagram to write out the Chain Rule for...Ch. 14 - If z = y + f(x2 y2), where f is differentiable,...Ch. 14 - The length x of a side of a triangle is increasing...Ch. 14 - If z =f(u, v), where u = xy, v = y/x, and f has...Ch. 14 - If cos(xyz) = 1 + .x2y2 + z2, find zx and zy.Ch. 14 - Find the gradient of the function f(x,y,z)=x2eyz2.Ch. 14 - (a) When is the directional derivative of f a...Ch. 14 - Find the directional derivative of f at the given...Ch. 14 - Find the directional derivative of f at the given...Ch. 14 - Find the maximum rate of change of f(x,y)=x2y+y at...Ch. 14 - Find the direction in which f(x, y, z) =...Ch. 14 - The contour map shows wind speed in knots during...Ch. 14 - Find parametric equations of the tangent line at...Ch. 14 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14 - Find the local maximum and minimum values and...Ch. 14 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14 - Find the absolute maximum and minimum values of f...Ch. 14 - Use a graph or level curves or both to estimate...Ch. 14 - Use a graphing calculator or computer (or Newtons...Ch. 14 - Use Lagrange multipliers to find the maximum and...Ch. 14 - Use Lagrange multipliers to find the maximum and...Ch. 14 - Use Lagrange multipliers to find the maximum and...Ch. 14 - Use Lagrange multipliers to find the maximum and...Ch. 14 - Find the points on the surface xy2z3= 2 that are...Ch. 14 - A package in the shape of a rectangular box can be...Ch. 14 - A pentagon is formed by placing an isosceles...Ch. 14 - A rectangle with length L and width W is cut into...Ch. 14 - Marine biologists have determined that when a...Ch. 14 - A long piece of galvanized sheet metal with width...Ch. 14 - For what values of the number r is the function...Ch. 14 - Suppose f is a differentiable function of one...Ch. 14 - (a) Newton's method for approximating a root of an...Ch. 14 - If the ellipse x2/a2 + y2/b2 = 1 is to enclose the...Ch. 14 - Show that the maximum value of the function...

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