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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
Chapter 15, Problem 15.16E
Textbook Problem
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List the following compounds in order of increasing water solubility:

a. ethoxyethane

b. propanoic acid

c. pentane

d. 1 butanol

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The increasing order of water solubility of the compounds is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

The solubility of compounds depends on their strength of formation of hydrogen bond with water. A compound which has more polar character is more soluble in water. A compound which has more non-polar character is less soluble in water. Usually hydrocarbons are non-polar in nature; as a result they do not interact with water.

Explanation of Solution

Propanoic acid is more soluble in water due to the presence of two polar ends that cause the formation of hydrogen bond with water. The compound 1 butanol has a polar OH group that forms hydrogen bonds with water. As a result, 1 butanol is soluble in water. Ethoxyethane is non-polar and it is very slightly soluble in water. This is due to the presence of oxygen in ethoxyethane which interact with hydrogen in water to form hydrogen bond

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Chapter 15 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
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