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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
Chapter 16, Problem 16.33P
Textbook Problem
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16-33 (Chemical Connections 16A) What are the differences in structure between the natural hormone epinephrine (Chemical Connections 16E ) and the synthetic pep pill amphetamine? Between amphet amine and methamphetamine?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The difference in structure between the natural hormone epinephrine and the synthetic pep pill amphetamine and between amphetamine and methamphetamine.

needs to be explained.

Concept Introduction:

The spatial arrangement of atom within a compound that are joined together is identified with the help of structural formula.

Explanation of Solution

Comparison between Epinephrine and Amphetamine:

The respective structures are:

The epinephrine is an amine with a benzene ring with two -OH phenolic groups. It contains a secondary amine because two hydrogen atoms are replaced by two alkane groups. Also, a secondary alcohol present in it.

The Amphetamine comprises a primary amine. It does not contain -OH groups. It does not contain a secondary alcohol.

Comparison between Amphetamine and Methamphetamine:

The respective structures are:

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
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Ch. 16 - 16-11 Draw a structural formula for each amine...Ch. 16 - 16-12 Draw a structural formula for each amine....Ch. 16 - 16-13 Classify each amino group as primary,...Ch. 16 - 16-14 There are eight constitutional isomers with...Ch. 16 - 16-15 There are eight primary amines with the...Ch. 16 - 16-16 Answer true or false. Hydrogen bonding...Ch. 16 - 16-17 Propylamine (bp 48°C), ethylmethylamine (bp...Ch. 16 - 16-18 Account for the fact that 1-butanamine (bp...Ch. 16 - 16-19 2-Me thy 1 propane (bp -12°C), 2-propanol...Ch. 16 - 16-20 Account for the fact that most...Ch. 16 - 16-21 Answer true or false. (a, Aqueous solutions...Ch. 16 - 16-22 Compare the base strengths of amines with...Ch. 16 - 16-23 Write a structural formula for each amine...Ch. 16 - Prob. 16.24PCh. 16 - Prob. 16.25PCh. 16 - 16-26 The p/fb of amphetamine is approximately 3.2...Ch. 16 - 16-27 Guanidine, p/Ca 13.6, is a very strong base,...Ch. 16 - 16-28 Following is the structural formula of...Ch. 16 - 16-29 Suppose you have two test tubes, one...Ch. 16 - Prob. 16.30PCh. 16 - 16-31 Pyridoxamine is one form of vitamin B6....Ch. 16 - 16*32 Many tumors of the breast are correlated...Ch. 16 - 16-33 (Chemical Connections 16A) What are the...Ch. 16 - 16-34 (Chemical Connections 16A) What are the...Ch. 16 - 16-35 (Chemical Connections 16B ) What is an...Ch. 16 - 16-36 (Chemical Connections 16B) Identify all...Ch. 16 - 16-37 (Chemical Connections 16B) Which of the two...Ch. 16 - 16-38 (Chemical Connections 16B) Cocaine has four...Ch. 16 - 16-39 (Chemical Connections 160 What structural...Ch. 16 - 16-40 (Chemical Connections 16C) Is Librium...Ch. 16 - 16-41 (Chemical Connections 16C) Benzodiazepines...Ch. 16 - 16-42 (Chemical Connections 16D>Suppose you saw...Ch. 16 - 16-43 (Chemical Connections 16D) Give two reasons...Ch. 16 - 16-44 (Chemical Connections 16E) Classify each...Ch. 16 - 16-45 Draw a structural formula for a compound...Ch. 16 - 16-46 Arrange these three compounds in order of...Ch. 16 - 16-47 Consider these three compounds: CH3OH,...Ch. 16 - 16-48 Arrange these compounds in order of...Ch. 16 - 16-49 Account for the fact that amines have about...Ch. 16 - 16-50 If you dissolve CH3CH.2CR2OH and...Ch. 16 - 16-51 The compound phenylpropanolamine...Ch. 16 - Is procaine chiral? Does it contain a...Ch. 16 - 16-53 Following are two structural formulas for...Ch. 16 - 16-54 Several poisonous plants, including Atropa...Ch. 16 - 16-55 Epibatadine, a colorless oil isolated from...Ch. 16 - 16-56 Following are two structural formulas for...Ch. 16 - 16-57 Alanine, C3H7O2N, is one of the 20 amino...Ch. 16 - 16-58 Following is a structural formula of...Ch. 16 - 16-59 Morphine and its O-methylated derivative,...

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