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Dana Baird was manager of a new Medical Supplies Division. She had just finished her second year and had been visiting with the company’s vice president of operations. In the first year, the operating income for the division had shown a substantial increase over the prior year. Her second year saw an even greater increase. The vice president was extremely pleased and promised Dana a $5,000 bonus if the division showed a similar increase in profits for the upcoming year. Dana was elated. She was completely confident that the goal could be met. Sales contracts were already well ahead of last year’s performance, and she knew that there would be no increases in costs. At the end of the third year, Dana received the following data regarding operations for the first three years: *The predetermined fixed overhead rate is based on expected actual units of production and expected fixed overhead. Expected production each year was 10,000 units. Any under-or overapplied fixed overhead is closed to Cost of Goods Sold. *Assumes a LIFO inventory flow. Upon examining the operating data, Dana was pleased. Sales had increased by 20 percent over the previous year, and costs had remained stable. However, when she saw the yearly income statements, she was dismayed and perplexed. Instead of seeing a significant increase in income for the third year, she saw a small decrease. Surely, the Accounting Department had made an error. Required: 1. Explain to Dana why she lost her $5,000 bonus. 2. Prepare variable-costing income statements for each of the three years. Reconcile the differences between the absorption-costing and variable-costing incomes. 3. If you were the vice president of Dana’s company, which income statement (variable-costing or absorption-costing) would you prefer to use for evaluating Dana’s performance? Why?

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Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Cornerstones of Cost Management (C...

4th Edition
Don R. Hansen + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305970663
Chapter 18, Problem 34P
Textbook Problem
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Dana Baird was manager of a new Medical Supplies Division. She had just finished her second year and had been visiting with the company’s vice president of operations. In the first year, the operating income for the division had shown a substantial increase over the prior year. Her second year saw an even greater increase. The vice president was extremely pleased and promised Dana a $5,000 bonus if the division showed a similar increase in profits for the upcoming year. Dana was elated. She was completely confident that the goal could be met. Sales contracts were already well ahead of last year’s performance, and she knew that there would be no increases in costs.

At the end of the third year, Dana received the following data regarding operations for the first three years:

Chapter 18, Problem 34P, Dana Baird was manager of a new Medical Supplies Division. She had just finished her second year and , example  1

*The predetermined fixed overhead rate is based on expected actual units of production and expected fixed overhead. Expected production each year was 10,000 units. Any under-or overapplied fixed overhead is closed to Cost of Goods Sold.

Chapter 18, Problem 34P, Dana Baird was manager of a new Medical Supplies Division. She had just finished her second year and , example  2

*Assumes a LIFO inventory flow.

Upon examining the operating data, Dana was pleased. Sales had increased by 20 percent over the previous year, and costs had remained stable. However, when she saw the yearly income statements, she was dismayed and perplexed. Instead of seeing a significant increase in income for the third year, she saw a small decrease. Surely, the Accounting Department had made an error.

Required:

  1. 1. Explain to Dana why she lost her $5,000 bonus.
  2. 2. Prepare variable-costing income statements for each of the three years. Reconcile the differences between the absorption-costing and variable-costing incomes.
  3. 3. If you were the vice president of Dana’s company, which income statement (variable-costing or absorption-costing) would you prefer to use for evaluating Dana’s performance? Why?

1.

To determine

Describe the reason for which Manager D has lost her $5,000 bonus.

Explanation of Solution

Variable Costing: The variable costing is the method of costing in which only the variable production costs such as the direct material, direct cost, and variable overhead costs are included in that time period in which they are incurred.

Determine the net change in income in year 3.

ParticularsAmount
Increase in sales revenue$20,000
Increase in variable manufacturing costs ($3.90×2,000)($7,800)
Increase in variable selling ($0.50×2,000)($1,000)
Increase in fixed overhead: 
        Year 1 – ($2

2.

To determine

Prepare variable-costing income statement for three years, and reconcile the differences between the variable costing and absorption costing income.

3.

To determine

As a vice president of D Company, select the most preferable income statement method in order to evaluate the performance of the company.

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Chapter 18 Solutions

Cornerstones of Cost Management (Cornerstones Series)
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