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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
ISBN: 9781305251052

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Chapter
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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
ISBN: 9781305251052
Textbook Problem

How Can We Measure Allele Frequencies in Populations?

Define the following terms:

  1. a. population
  2. b. gene pool
  3. c. allele frequency
  4. d. genotype frequency

a.

Summary Introduction

To explain: The term population.

Introduction: The hierarchal system of classification classifies and groups the living organisms into different level based on the characteristics and properties they have in common. The basic unit of classification in this system is the species.

Explanation

Population can be defined as a group of people that belong to a particular species, and share the same gene pool and live in a common geographical area...

b.

Summary Introduction

To explain: The term gene pool.

Introduction: A gene can be defined as a unit of inheritance which enables the transfer of characteristics from the parent to its offspring. It helps in the transmission of characteristics across generations.

c.

Summary Introduction

To explain: The term allele frequency.

Introduction: Allele refers to a pair of genes present on a chromosome. The allele is responsible for propagation of traits in organisms. Alleles are generally present in pairs of two.

d.

Summary Introduction

To explain: To explain the term genotype frequency.

Introduction: Genotype can be described as the genetic constitution of an individual. Genotype constitutes of the genes which underlie the inheritance amongst organisms.

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