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College Accounting (Book Only): A ...

13th Edition
Scott + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337280570

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Accounting (Book Only): A ...

13th Edition
Scott + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337280570
Textbook Problem

List the classification of each of the following accounts as A (asset), L (liability), OE (owner’s equity), R (revenue), or E (expense). Write Debit or Credit to indicate the increase side, the decrease side, and the normal balance side.

PART 1: The Accounting Cycle for a Service Business: Analyzing Business Transactions

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To determine

List the classification of each of the accounts as A (asset), L (liability), OE (owners’ equity), R (revenue), or E (expenses) and write debit or credit to indicate the increase side, the decrease side and the normal balance side.

Explanation

Assets: These are the resources owned and controlled by business and used to produce benefits for the company. Assets are classified on the balance sheet as current assets, non-current assets, property, plant, and equipment, and intangible assets.

Liabilities: The claims creditors have over assets or resources of a company are referred to as liabilities. These are the debt obligations owed by company to creditors. Liabilities are classified on the balance sheet as current liabilities and long-term liabilities.

Owners’ equity: The claims of owners on a company’s resources, after the liabilities are paid off, are referred to as stockholders’ equity. Thus, stockholders’ equity is sometimes referred to as net worth of owners or shareholders or stockholders.

Revenues: Revenues are earnings from operations of a business. The operating activities are sale of goods and services, and rent revenue.

Expenses: Expenses are costs incurred for the operations of a business. The costs incurred for generating revenues are rent expense, depreciation expense, general and administrative expenses, selling expenses, and utilities expense.

Record the classification of each of the account:

AccountClassificationIncrease SideNormal balance sideDecrease side
0. CashADebitDebitCredit
1. Salary ExpenseEDebitDebitCredit
2...

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