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General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918
Chapter 3, Problem 3.59EP
Textbook Problem
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Identify the nonmetal in each of the following sets of elements.

  1. a. S, Na, K
  2. b. Cu, Li, P
  3. c. Be, I, Ca
  4. d. Fe, Cl, Ga

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The nonmetal among S,Na,K has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Metals are elements that have characteristic properties of thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Except mercury, the physical state of all other metals is solids.  They have very high melting points and high density.

Nonmetals are elements that are characterized by the absence of properties like thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Mostly nonmetals are gases.  Only bromine is present as liquid in room temperature.  The density of nonmetals is low and they have lower melting points than metals.

In the periodic table, a total of 23 elements are nonmetals.  The metallic property of the elements decreases as moving from left to right across the period in a periodic table.  The elements that are present in right side of the periodic table are nonmetals.

Explanation of Solution

The nonmetals that are present in the periodic table can be given as shown below,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The nonmetal among Cu,Li,P has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Metals are elements that have characteristic properties of thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Except mercury, the physical state of all other metals is solids.  They have very high melting points and high density.

Nonmetals are elements that are characterized by the absence of properties like thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Mostly nonmetals are gases.  Only bromine is present as liquid in room temperature.  The density of nonmetals is low and they have lower melting points than metals.

In the periodic table, a total of 23 elements are nonmetals.  The metallic property of the elements decreases as moving from left to right across the period in a periodic table.  The elements that are present in right side of the periodic table are nonmetals.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The nonmetal among Be,I,Ca has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Metals are elements that have characteristic properties of thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Except mercury, the physical state of all other metals is solids.  They have very high melting points and high density.

Nonmetals are elements that are characterized by the absence of properties like thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Mostly nonmetals are gases.  Only bromine is present as liquid in room temperature.  The density of nonmetals is low and they have lower melting points than metals.

In the periodic table, a total of 23 elements are nonmetals.  The metallic property of the elements decreases as moving from left to right across the period in a periodic table.  The elements that are present in right side of the periodic table are nonmetals.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The nonmetal among Fe,Cl,Ga has to be identified.

Concept Introduction:

Metals are elements that have characteristic properties of thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Except mercury, the physical state of all other metals is solids.  They have very high melting points and high density.

Nonmetals are elements that are characterized by the absence of properties like thermal conductivity, luster, electrical conductivity, and malleability.  Mostly nonmetals are gases.  Only bromine is present as liquid in room temperature.  The density of nonmetals is low and they have lower melting points than metals.

In the periodic table, a total of 23 elements are nonmetals.  The metallic property of the elements decreases as moving from left to right across the period in a periodic table.  The elements that are present in right side of the periodic table are nonmetals.

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Chapter 3 Solutions

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
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Ch. 3.3 - Isotopes of an element always have the a. same...Ch. 3.3 - Isotopes of an element always have the a. same...Ch. 3.3 - What is the atomic mass of a hypothetical element...Ch. 3.3 - The element chlorine, which has two isotopic...Ch. 3.4 - Based on periodic table location, which pair of...Ch. 3.4 - A standard periodic table arranges the elements in...Ch. 3.4 - Which of the following elements is located in both...Ch. 3.4 - Which of the following pieces of information about...Ch. 3.4 - The elements known as halogens and alkali metals...Ch. 3.5 - Which of the following is a general characteristic...Ch. 3.5 - Which of the following statements about metallic...Ch. 3.5 - Which of the following elements is a nonmetal? a....Ch. 3.5 - Which of the following elements is a metal? a. 7N...Ch. 3.6 - The maximum number of electrons that an electron...Ch. 3.6 - The maximum number of electron subshells within an...Ch. 3.6 - The maximum number of electrons that an electron...Ch. 3.6 - The shape of a 1s orbital is a. circular b....Ch. 3.6 - 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