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14th Edition

Burdge

ISBN: 9781259327933

**(a)**

Interpretation Introduction

**Interpretation:**

The ratio of electrostatic energy between the given charges and the ratio of distance in the given statements should be calculated by using the concept of electrostatic energy.

**Concept Introduction:**

*Energy* is the capacity to do work or transfer heat where work is the movement of a body using some force. The SI unit of energy is *joule* (*.* Energy is in the form of *kinetic energy* or *potential energy*. *Kinetic energy* is the energy associated with *motion*. *Potential energy* is the energy possessed by virtue of *position*. Other forms of potential energy are chemical energy and electrostatic energy.

*Electrostatic energy* is the potential energy which results from the interaction of charged particles. Oppositely charged particles *attract* each other and like particles charges *repel* each other. The magnitude of the resulting electrostatic potential energy is directly proportional to the product of the two charges (

If the charges *opposite* (i.e., one positive and one negative), *negative* value which means *attraction. * Like charges (i.e., either both positive or both negative) result in a *positive* value of *repulsion.*

**(b)**

Interpretation Introduction

**Interpretation:**

The ratio of electrostatic energy between the given charges and the ratio of distance in the given statements should be calculated by using the concept of electrostatic energy.

**Concept Introduction:**

*Energy* is the capacity to do work or transfer heat where work is the movement of a body using some force. The SI unit of energy is *joule* (*.* Energy is in the form of *kinetic energy* or *potential energy*. *Kinetic energy* is the energy associated with *motion*. *Potential energy* is the energy possessed by virtue of *position*. Other forms of potential energy are chemical energy and electrostatic energy.

*Electrostatic energy* is the potential energy which results from the interaction of charged particles. Oppositely charged particles *attract* each other and like particles charges *repel* each other. The magnitude of the resulting electrostatic potential energy is directly proportional to the product of the two charges (

If the charges *opposite* (i.e., one positive and one negative), *negative* value which means *attraction. * Like charges (i.e., either both positive or both negative) result in a *positive* value of *repulsion.*