BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
Chapter 4, Problem 4.58E
Textbook Problem
1 views

Use Table 4.4 and classify the bonds in the following compounds as nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic:

a. LiBr

b. HCl

c. PH 3 (each H is bonded to P )

d. SO 2 (each O is bonded to S )

e. CsF

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

Whether the bond in LiBr is nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Electronegativity is defined as the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it. Polarized bonds are the result of the electronegativity difference between bonding atoms. If the electronegativity difference is 0, the bond is known as nonpolar covalent bond, if electronegativity difference is between 0 to 2.1, then the bond is known as polar covalent bond and if it is more than 2.1, then the bond is known as ionic bond.

Explanation of Solution

The electronegativity values of Li atom and Br atom are 1.0 and 2.8 respectively as given in Table 4.4. Thus, the electronegativity difference is calculated as given below.

ΔEN=EN

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

Whether the bond in HCl is nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Electronegativity is defined as the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it. Polarized bonds are the result of the electronegativity difference between bonding atoms. If the electronegativity difference is 0, the bond is known as nonpolar covalent bond, if electronegativity difference is between 0 to 2.1, then the bond is known as polar covalent bond and if it is more than 2.1, then the bond is known as ionic bond.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

Whether the bond in PH3 is nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Electronegativity is defined as the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it. Polarized bonds are the result of the electronegativity difference between bonding atoms. If the electronegativity difference is 0, the bond is known as nonpolar covalent bond, if electronegativity difference is between 0 to 2.1, then the bond is known as polar covalent bond and if it is more than 2.1, then the bond is known as ionic bond.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

Whether the bond in SO2 is nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Electronegativity is defined as the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it. Polarized bonds are the result of the electronegativity difference between bonding atoms. If the electronegativity difference is 0, the bond is known as nonpolar covalent bond, if electronegativity difference is between 0 to 2.1, then the bond is known as polar covalent bond and if it is more than 2.1, then the bond is known as ionic bond.

Interpretation Introduction

(e)

Interpretation:

Whether the bond in CsF is nonpolar covalent, polar covalent, or ionic is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Electronegativity is defined as the tendency of an atom to attract electrons towards it. Polarized bonds are a result of the electronegativity difference between bonding atoms. If the electronegativity difference is 0, the bond is known as nonpolar covalent bond, if it’s between 0 to 2.1, the bond is known as polar covalent bond and if its more than 2.1, the bond is known as ionic bond.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 4 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table and predict the number of...Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table and predict the number of...Ch. 4 - Write a symbol for each of the following ions: a.A...Ch. 4 - Write a symbol for each of the following ions: a.A...Ch. 4 - Identify the element in period 2 that would form...Ch. 4 - Identify the element in period 3 that would form...Ch. 4 - Identify the noble gas that is isoelectronic with...Ch. 4 - Identify the noble gas that is isoelectronic with...Ch. 4 - Write equations to represent positive and negative...Ch. 4 - Write equations to represent positive and negative...Ch. 4 - Write the formula for the ionic compound formed...Ch. 4 - Write the formula for the ionic compound formed...Ch. 4 - Classify each of the following as a binary...Ch. 4 - Classify each of the following as a binary...Ch. 4 - Name the following metal ions: a. Ca2+ b. K+ c....Ch. 4 - Name the following metal ions: a. Li+ b. Mg2+ c....Ch. 4 - Name the following nonmetal ions: a. Cl b. N3 c....Ch. 4 - Name the following nonmetal ions: a. Br b. O2 c....Ch. 4 - Name the following binary ionic compounds: a. Na2O...Ch. 4 - Name the following binary ionic compounds: a. SrS...Ch. 4 - Name the following binary ionic compounds, using a...Ch. 4 - Name the following binary ionic compounds, using a...Ch. 4 - Name the binary ionic compounds of Exercise 4.31...Ch. 4 - Name the binary ionic compounds of Exercise 4.32...Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following binary ionic...Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following binary ionic...Ch. 4 - Determine the formula weight in atomic mass units...Ch. 4 - Determine the formula weight in atomic mass units...Ch. 4 - Identify the ions that would occupy lattice sites...Ch. 4 - Identify the ions that would occupy lattice sites...Ch. 4 - Calculate the mass in grams of positive ions and...Ch. 4 - Calculate the mass in grams of positive ions and...Ch. 4 - Calculate the number of positive ions and negative...Ch. 4 - Calculate the number of positive ions and negative...Ch. 4 - Represent the following reaction using Lewis...Ch. 4 - Represent the following reaction using Lewis...Ch. 4 - Represent the following molecules by Lewis...Ch. 4 - Represent the following molecules by Lewis...Ch. 4 - Draw Lewis structures for the following polyatomic...Ch. 4 - Draw Lewis structures for the following polyatomic...Ch. 4 - Draw Lewis structures for the following molecules:...Ch. 4 - Predict the shape of each of the following...Ch. 4 - Predict the shape of each of the following...Ch. 4 - Predict the shape of each of the following...Ch. 4 - Predict the shape of each of the following...Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table and Table 4.4 to determine...Ch. 4 - Use the periodic table and Table 4.4 to determine...Ch. 4 - Use Table 4.4 and classify the bonds in the...Ch. 4 - Use Table 4.4 and classify the bonds in the...Ch. 4 - On the basis of the charge distributions you drew...Ch. 4 - On the basis of the charge distributions you drew...Ch. 4 - Use Table 4.4 and predict the type of bond you...Ch. 4 - Use Table 4.4 and predict the type of bond you...Ch. 4 - Show the charge distribution in the following...Ch. 4 - Show the charge distribution in the following...Ch. 4 - Name the following binary covalent compounds: a....Ch. 4 - Name the following binary covalent compounds: a....Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following binary covalent...Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following binary covalent...Ch. 4 - Write formulas and names for compounds composed of...Ch. 4 - Write formulas and names for compounds composed of...Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following compounds: a....Ch. 4 - Write formulas for the following compounds: a....Ch. 4 - Write a formula for the following compounds, using...Ch. 4 - Write a formula for the following compounds, using...Ch. 4 - The covalent compounds ethyl alcohol and dimethyl...Ch. 4 - The following structural formulas represent...Ch. 4 - Describe the predominant forces that exists...Ch. 4 - Use the concept of interparticle forces to propose...Ch. 4 - Table sugar, sucrose, melts at about 185C. Which...Ch. 4 - The formula for sucrose is C12H22O11, where many...Ch. 4 - Three atoms with an electronic configuration of...Ch. 4 - Suppose an element from group II(A)(2) and period...Ch. 4 - What would be the mass in grams of 0.200moles of...Ch. 4 - The ampere unit is used to describe the flow of...Ch. 4 - If one atom of oxygen reacted with two atoms of...Ch. 4 - Refer to Figure 4.1, and answer the question in...Ch. 4 - The colors of some compounds, such as those shown...Ch. 4 - Refer to Figure 4.6, and answer the question in...Ch. 4 - Refer to Figure 4.9. Two of the compounds are...Ch. 4 - Recall how a metal atom changes to form a...Ch. 4 - Recall how a nonmetal atom such as chlorine...Ch. 4 - Neon atoms do not combine to form Ne2 molecules....Ch. 4 - Refer to Figure 4.8, and answer the question in...Ch. 4 - It has been found that NO is a vital biological...Ch. 4 - Noble gases: a.have low boiling points. b.are all...Ch. 4 - The elements in group zero of the periodic table...Ch. 4 - Name the type of bond that is formed when...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is the correct name for...Ch. 4 - A atom becomes an ion that possesses a negative...Ch. 4 - When calcium reacts with chlorine to form calcium...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is the probable charge for...Ch. 4 - A covalent bond is believed to be caused by a:...Ch. 4 - Which molecule below has a nonpolar bond in which...Ch. 4 - What is the correct formula for bismuth (III)...Ch. 4 - Which of the following species will combine with a...Ch. 4 - What type of bond is created when bromine and...Ch. 4 - The parts of an atom directly involved in ionic...Ch. 4 - In forming an ionic bond with an atom of chlorine,...Ch. 4 - In bonding, what would happen between the...Ch. 4 - Which compound contains a bond with no ionic...Ch. 4 - Which of the following molecule is nonpolar? a.NH3...Ch. 4 - Which molecule is nonpolar and contains a nonpolar...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is a nonpolar covalent...Ch. 4 - The type of bond that forms between two molecules...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is an example of hydrogen...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Why are some quantities called fundamental?

An Introduction to Physical Science

Where in a eukaryotic cell is DNA found? How is that DNA organized?

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List)

An example of a person in positive nitrogen balance is a pregnant woman. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

What heats the chromospheres and corona to a high temperature?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

At what time(s) of year does plankton productivity increase in different latitudes?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

Transverse pulses travel with a speed of 200 m/s along a taut copper wire whose diameter is 1.50 mm. What is th...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)