Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
4th Edition
ISBN: 9781118431221
Author: Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
Publisher: WILEY
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Textbook Question
Chapter 4, Problem 4.64P

The gas-phase reaction between methanol and acetic acid to form methyl acetate and water

CH3OH + CH3COOH CH3COOCH3 + H2O (A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

takes place in a batch reactor. When the reaction mixture comes to equilibrium, the mole fractions of the four reactive species are related by the reaction equilibrium constant

= *2*1 = 4.87 .Va>’b

  1. Suppose the feed to the reactor consists of mao, «bo- hcu- «do, and »» gram-moles of A, B, C, D. and an inert gas, I. respectively. Let £ be the extent of reaction. Write expressions for the gram-moles of each reactive species in the final product, «a(?)- «b(?)- «e(£). and uo(£). Then use these expressions and the given equilibrium constant to derive an equation for £c, the equilibrium extent of reaction, in terms of «ao- • • .,««). (see Example 4.6-2.)
  2. If the feed to the reactor contains equimolar quantities of methanol and acetic acid and no other species, calculate the equilibrium fractional conversion.

  • It is desired to produce 70 mol of methyl acetate starting with 75 mol of methanol. If the reaction proceeds to equilibrium, how much acetic acid must be fed? What is the composition of the final product?
  • Suppose it is important to reduce the concentration of methanol by making its conversion at equilibrium as high as possible, say 99%. Again assuming the feed to the reactor contains only methanol and acetic acid and that it is desired to produce 70 mol of methyl acetate, determine the extent of reaction and quantities of methanol and acetic acid that must be fed to the reactor.
  • If you wanted to carry out the process of Part (b) or (c) commercially, what would you need to know besides the equilibrium composition to determine whether the process would be profitable? (List several things.)
  • Blurred answer
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    Chapter 4 Solutions

    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version

    Ch. 4 - In the production of soybean oil, dried and flaked...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.12PCh. 4 - A process is carried out in which a mixture...Ch. 4 - Strawberries contain about 15wt% solids and 85wt%...Ch. 4 - Two streams flow into a 500-gallon tank. The first...Ch. 4 - A fuel distributor supplies four liquid fuels,...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.17PCh. 4 - One thousand kilograms per hour of a mixture...Ch. 4 - L-Serine is an amino acid that often is provided...Ch. 4 - A 100 kmol/h stream that is 97 mole% carbon...Ch. 4 - A pharmaceutical product, P, is made in a batch...Ch. 4 - A liquid mixture containing ethanol (55.0 wt%) and...Ch. 4 - A stream of humid air containing 1.50 mole% H2O(v)...Ch. 4 - A liquid mixture contains 60.0 wt% ethanol (E),...Ch. 4 - Certain vegetables and fruits contain plant...Ch. 4 - Two aqueous sulfuric acid solutions containing...Ch. 4 - A paint mixture containing 25.0% of a pigment and...Ch. 4 - In the commercial production of sugar (sucrose),...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.29PCh. 4 - A garment to protect the wearer from toxic agents...Ch. 4 - A dilute aqueous solution of H2SO4 (Solution A) is...Ch. 4 - Gas streams containing hydrogen and nitrogen in...Ch. 4 - An artificial kidney is a device that removes...Ch. 4 - The indicator-dilution method is a technique used...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.35PCh. 4 - Gas absorption or gas scrubbing is a commonly used...Ch. 4 - The SO2 scrubbing tower described in Problem 4.36...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.38PCh. 4 - The hormone estrogen is produced in the ovaries of...Ch. 4 - A liquid mixture containing 30.0mole% benzene (B),...Ch. 4 - Seawater containing 3.50 wt% salt passes through a...Ch. 4 - Inside the column a liquid stream flows downward...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.43PCh. 4 - Effluents from metal-finishing plants have the...Ch. 4 - In an absorption tower (or absorber), a gas is...Ch. 4 - In the production of a bean oil, beans containing...Ch. 4 - Boilers are used in most chemical plants to...Ch. 4 - Following is a diagram of the shirt-cleaning...Ch. 4 - A drug (D) is produced in a three-stage extraction...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.52PCh. 4 - Ammonia is oxidized to nitric oxide in the...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.54PCh. 4 - A stream containing H2S and inert gases and a...Ch. 4 - 436. The reaction between ethylene and hydrogen...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.57PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.58PCh. 4 - Titanium dioxide (TiCb) is used extensively as a...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.60PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.61PCh. 4 - Oxygen consumed by a living organism in aerobic...Ch. 4 - A genetically engineered strain of Escherichia...Ch. 4 - The gas-phase reaction between methanol and acetic...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.65PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.66PCh. 4 - Methane and oxygen react in the presence of a...Ch. 4 - Ethane is chlorinated in a continuous reactor:...Ch. 4 - Ethanol can be produced commercially by the...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.70PCh. 4 - Solid calcium fluoride (CaF2) reacts with sulfuric...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.72PCh. 4 - Chlorobenzene (C^HsCl), an important solvent and...Ch. 4 - A catalytic reactor is used to produce...Ch. 4 - 4.7'6. Methanol is produced by reacting carbon...Ch. 4 - Methane reacts with chlorine to produce methyl...Ch. 4 - Ethylene oxide is produced by the catalytic...Ch. 4 - Methanol is synthesized from carbon monoxide and...Ch. 4 - The fresh feed to an ammonia production process...Ch. 4 - A gas contains 75.0 wt% methane. 10.0% ethane....Ch. 4 - Five liters of liquid n-hexane and 4 liters of...Ch. 4 - Gasoline, which we will represent as having the...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.87PCh. 4 - Natural gas containing a mixture of methane,...Ch. 4 - Propane is burned completely with excess oxygen....Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.91PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.92PCh. 4 - Liquid methanol is fed to a space heater at a rate...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.94PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.95PCh. 4 - A fuel oil is analyzed and found to contain 85.0...Ch. 4 - Prob. 4.97PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.98PCh. 4 - Prob. 4.99PCh. 4 - 4.1 (Mt. You have been sent by the Environmental...Ch. 4 - Fuel oils contain primarily organic compounds and...

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