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General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918
BuyFind

General, Organic, and Biological C...

7th Edition
H. Stephen Stoker
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285853918

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 5, Problem 5.100EP
Textbook Problem

Write chemical formulas for the following binary molecular compounds.

  1. a. Bromine monochloride
  2. b. Tetrasulfur dinitride
  3. c. Sulfur trioxide
  4. d. Dioxygen difluoride

Expert Solution

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical formula for bromine monochloride has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular compound that contains only two nonmetallic elements in it is known as Binary molecular compound.  Naming a binary molecular compound is similar to that of a binary ionic compound.  A major difference is that the binary molecular compound contain numerical prefixes which gives the information about the number of atoms of same kind are present in it.

For naming a binary molecular compound, the element that has lower electronegativity is given first and that is followed by a stem of the name of the nonmetal that is more electronegative and the suffix “-ide”.  Numerical prefixes are added to both nonmetals to indicate the number of atoms present in it.

Some binary molecular compounds have names that are no way related to the naming rules.  They are common names that are given for the compounds before the systematic rule development.

Chemical formula is a representation of the total number of same type of atoms that is present in the molecule.  The chemical formula for binary compounds can be identified from the prefix that is present in the two words of the name of binary compounds.  The prefix is put as number in subscript after the atomic symbol.

Explanation of Solution

Given name of binary compound is bromine monochloride.  From the given name the prefix mono- is present in the second word.  This means the chemical formula conta...

Expert Solution

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical formula for tetrasulfur dinitride has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular compound that contains only two nonmetallic elements in it is known as Binary molecular compound.  Naming a binary molecular compound is similar to that of a binary ionic compound.  A major difference is that the binary molecular compound contain numerical prefixes which gives the information about the number of atoms of same kind are present in it.

For naming a binary molecular compound, the element that has lower electronegativity is given first and that is followed by a stem of the name of the nonmetal that is more electronegative and the suffix “-ide”.  Numerical prefixes are added to both nonmetals to indicate the number of atoms present in it.

Some binary molecular compounds have names that are no way related to the naming rules.  They are common names that are given for the compounds before the systematic rule development.

Chemical formula is a representation of the total number of same type of atoms that is present in the molecule.  The chemical formula for binary compounds can be identified from the prefix that is present in the two words of the name of binary compounds.  The prefix is put as number in subscript after the atomic symbol.

Expert Solution

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical formula for sulfur trioxide has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular compound that contains only two nonmetallic elements in it is known as Binary molecular compound.  Naming a binary molecular compound is similar to that of a binary ionic compound.  A major difference is that the binary molecular compound contain numerical prefixes which gives the information about the number of atoms of same kind are present in it.

For naming a binary molecular compound, the element that has lower electronegativity is given first and that is followed by a stem of the name of the nonmetal that is more electronegative and the suffix “-ide”.  Numerical prefixes are added to both nonmetals to indicate the number of atoms present in it.

Some binary molecular compounds have names that are no way related to the naming rules.  They are common names that are given for the compounds before the systematic rule development.

Chemical formula is a representation of the total number of same type of atoms that is present in the molecule.  The chemical formula for binary compounds can be identified from the prefix that is present in the two words of the name of binary compounds.  The prefix is put as number in subscript after the atomic symbol.

Expert Solution

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical formula for dioxygen fluoride has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Molecular compound that contains only two nonmetallic elements in it is known as Binary molecular compound.  Naming a binary molecular compound is similar to that of a binary ionic compound.  A major difference is that the binary molecular compound contain numerical prefixes which gives the information about the number of atoms of same kind are present in it.

For naming a binary molecular compound, the element that has lower electronegativity is given first and that is followed by a stem of the name of the nonmetal that is more electronegative and the suffix “-ide”.  Numerical prefixes are added to both nonmetals to indicate the number of atoms present in it.

Some binary molecular compounds have names that are no way related to the naming rules.  They are common names that are given for the compounds before the systematic rule development.

Chemical formula is a representation of the total number of same type of atoms that is present in the molecule.  The chemical formula for binary compounds can be identified from the prefix that is present in the two words of the name of binary compounds.  The prefix is put as number in subscript after the atomic symbol.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry
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Ch. 5.3 - The number of electrons present in a triple...Ch. 5.3 - The number of single, double, and triple covalent...Ch. 5.3 - The number of single, double, and triple covalent...Ch. 5.3 - The term multiple covalent bond applies to a. both...Ch. 5.3 - Single and double covalent bonds a. have about the...Ch. 5.4 - During covalent bond formation, there is a strong...Ch. 5.4 - Carbon atoms normally form four covalent bonds....Ch. 5.4 - Which of the following is not a normal bonding...Ch. 5.5 - Which of the following is an incorrect statement...Ch. 5.5 - For the molecule , the concept of a coordinate...Ch. 5.5 - In which of the following molecules is a...Ch. 5.6 - In Lewis structures depicting covalent bonding, an...Ch. 5.6 - The Lewis structure for a N2 molecule contains a...Ch. 5.6 - The Lewis structure for a H2S molecule contains...Ch. 5.6 - Carbon has four valence electrons and H has one...Ch. 5.6 - Nitrogen has five valence electrons and Cl has...Ch. 5.7 - The bonding within a polyatomic ion is a. ionic b....Ch. 5.7 - Both ionic and covalent bonding are present in...Ch. 5.7 - Given that P has five valence electrons and O has...Ch. 5.8 - In VSEPR theory, the geometric arrangement that...Ch. 5.8 - In VSEPR theory, an angular molecular geometry is...Ch. 5.8 - The molecular geometry associated with three...Ch. 5.8 - Which of the following is not a possible molecular...Ch. 5.8 - Which of the following molecules would have a...Ch. 5.9 - The most electronegative of all elements is a....Ch. 5.9 - Electronegativity values of the elements a....Ch. 5.9 - In general metallic elements have a. higher...Ch. 5.9 - The electronegativities of the elements C, N, and...Ch. 5.10 - The concept of electronegativity can be used to...Ch. 5.10 - A chemical bond for which the electronegativity...Ch. 5.10 - The degree of inequality in electron sharing for a...Ch. 5.10 - As the difference in electronegativity between two...Ch. 5.10 - In a polar covalent bond the atom of greater...Ch. 5.10 - In a polar covalent bond the notation called a...Ch. 5.11 - In a polar molecule there is a. an unsymmetrical...Ch. 5.11 - Molecules containing polar covalent bonds a. are...Ch. 5.11 - Which of the following diatomic molecules is...Ch. 5.11 - Which of the following molecules, all of which are...Ch. 5.11 - Based on the given molecular geometry, which of...Ch. 5.12 - Which of the following compounds is a binary...Ch. 5.12 - Names for binary molecular compounds, except for a...Ch. 5.12 - In which of the following situations is an...Ch. 5.12 - Which of the following is the correct name for the...Ch. 5.12 - Which of the following is the correct name for the...Ch. 5.12 - Which of the following binary molecular compounds...Ch. 5 - Contrast the types of elements involved in ionic...Ch. 5 - Contrast the mechanisms by which ionic and...Ch. 5 - Contrast the basic structural unit in ionic and...Ch. 5 - Contrast the general physical state at room...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not covalent bond formation is...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not covalent bond formation is...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures to illustrate the covalent...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures to illustrate the covalent...Ch. 5 - How many nonbonding electron pairs are present in...Ch. 5 - How many nonbonding electron pairs are present in...Ch. 5 - The component elements for four binary molecular...Ch. 5 - The component elements for four binary molecular...Ch. 5 - Specify the number of single, double, and triple...Ch. 5 - Specify the number of single, double, and triple...Ch. 5 - Convert each of the Lewis structures in Problem...Ch. 5 - Convert each of the Lewis structures in Problem...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following is or is...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following is or is...Ch. 5 - Identify the Period 2 nonmetal that would normally...Ch. 5 - Identify the Period 3 nonmetal that would normally...Ch. 5 - How many valence electrons do atoms possess that...Ch. 5 - How many valence electrons do atoms possess that...Ch. 5 - What aspect of the following Lewis structure...Ch. 5 - What aspect of the following Lewis structure...Ch. 5 - Identify the coordinate covalent bond(s) present,...Ch. 5 - Identify the coordinate covalent bond(s) present,...Ch. 5 - Without actually drawing the Lewis structure,...Ch. 5 - Without actually drawing the Lewis structure,...Ch. 5 - Without actually drawing the Lewis structure,...Ch. 5 - Without actually drawing the Lewis structure,...Ch. 5 - Draw the Lewis structure for each of the molecules...Ch. 5 - Draw the Lewis structure for each of the molecules...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures to illustrate the bonding in...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures to illustrate the bonding in...Ch. 5 - How many electron dots should appear in the Lewis...Ch. 5 - How many electron dots should appear in the Lewis...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following polyatomic...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following polyatomic...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following compounds...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following compounds...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following molecules...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for the following molecules...Ch. 5 - In which of the following pairs of diatomic...Ch. 5 - In which of the following pairs of diatomic...Ch. 5 - What is the molecular geometry associated with...Ch. 5 - What is the molecular geometry associated with...Ch. 5 - Specify the molecular geometry of each of the...Ch. 5 - Specify the molecular geometry of each of the...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict whether each of the...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict whether each of the...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Using VSEPR theory, predict the molecular geometry...Ch. 5 - Specify both the VSEPR electron group geometry...Ch. 5 - Specify both the VSEPR electron group geometry...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the statements...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the statements...Ch. 5 - Using a periodic table, but not a table of...Ch. 5 - Using a periodic table, but not a table of...Ch. 5 - Use the information in Figure 5-11 as a basis for...Ch. 5 - Use the information in Figure 5-11 as a basis for...Ch. 5 - Place + above the atom that is relatively positive...Ch. 5 - Place + above the atom that is relatively positive...Ch. 5 - Rank the following bonds in order of increasing...Ch. 5 - Rank the following bonds in order of increasing...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following bonds as nonpolar...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following bonds as nonpolar...Ch. 5 - Classify the bond formed between a carbon atom and...Ch. 5 - Classify the bond formed between a nitrogen atom...Ch. 5 - Fill in the blanks in each line of the following...Ch. 5 - Fill in the blanks in each line of the following...Ch. 5 - Four hypothetical elements, A, B, C, and D, have...Ch. 5 - Four hypothetical elements, A, B, C, and D, have...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following triatomic...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following triatomic...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following molecules...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following molecules...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following molecules as (1)...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following molecules as (1)...Ch. 5 - Indicate which molecule in each of the following...Ch. 5 - Indicate which molecule in each of the following...Ch. 5 - Successive substitution of F atoms for H atoms in...Ch. 5 - Successive substitution of F atoms for H atoms in...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the following...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the following...Ch. 5 - Name the following binary molecular compounds? a....Ch. 5 - Name the following binary molecular compounds? a....Ch. 5 - How many numerical prefixes are present in the...Ch. 5 - How many numerical prefixes are present in the...Ch. 5 - Name the following binary molecular compounds, all...Ch. 5 - Name the following binary molecular compounds, all...Ch. 5 - Each of the following diagrams depicts a...Ch. 5 - Each of the following diagrams depicts a...Ch. 5 - Write chemical formulas for the following binary...Ch. 5 - Write chemical formulas for the following binary...Ch. 5 - Write chemical formulas for the following binary...Ch. 5 - Write chemical formulas for the following binary...Ch. 5 - The compound whose molecles contain one atom of C...Ch. 5 - The compound whose molecules contain one atom of C...Ch. 5 - The correct name for the compound Na2CO3 is not...Ch. 5 - The correct name for the compound K2SO4 is not...Ch. 5 - Which of the compounds N2O3, KCl, HF, CH4, and CO2...Ch. 5 - Which of the compounds NH3, Na2O, H2S, N2H4, and...

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