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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 6, Problem 21E
Textbook Problem
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Give the general formula, including the functional group, and draw condensed structural formulas for two examples of each type of the following organic compounds:

a. aldehyde

b. ketone

c. carboxylic acid

d. ester

e. ether

f. amine

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general formulas including functional group and the condensed structural formulas with two examples are to be given for the given organic compounds.

Concept Introduction:

A graphic representation of a chemical compound is considered its structural formula. It represents the arrangement of atoms.

In the compound, the bond between atoms is represented by the absence of a line which is known as its condensed structural formula.

A group of atoms accountable for the specific reactions in order to form a particular compound is known as functional groups.

An organic compound is considered a hydrocarbon if it only consists of carbon and hydrogen atoms. The atoms in hydrocarbon are linked by a single, double, or triple bond.

Explanation of Solution

a) Aldehyde

The organic compounds that consist of hydrocarbons and a functional group CHO, are known as aldehyde. The general formula for aldehyde can be represented as follows:

Here, R represents the alkyl group which consists of carbon and hydrogen atoms.

The condensed structural formulas for examples of aldehyde can be represented as follows:

b) Ketone

The organic compounds that consist of hydrocarbons and a functional group CO, are known as a ketone. The general formula for ketone can be represented as follows:

Here, R represents the alkyl group which consists of carbon and hydrogen atoms.

The condensed structural formulas for examples of alkene can be represented as follows:

c) Carboxylic acid

The organic compounds that consist of hydrocarbons and a functional group COOH, are known as carboxylic acid. The general formula for carboxylic acid can be represented as follows:

The condensed structural formulas for examples of carboxylic acid can be represented as follows:

d) Ester

The organic compounds that consist of hydrocarbons and a functional group COOR, are known as ester. The general formula to ester can be represented as follows:

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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