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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 6, Problem 41E
Textbook Problem
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Draw the structural formula for n-heptene. How many isomers are possible by moving only the position of the double bond?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structural formula for nheptene is to be drawn. The total number of isomers that are possible by moving only the position of the double bond is to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds which contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms.

Isomers are the compounds which have the same molecular formula but different arrangement of the atoms in space.

The structural formula is a two-dimensional representation, which gives the information about the atoms that are bonded together and the atoms that are not bonded.

Alkenes are the unsaturated hydrocarbons, which contain at least one double bond.

The general molecular formula for the alkene is CnH2n.

Explanation of Solution

The compound nheptene has the molecular formula C7H14, in which there are seven carbon atoms and fourteen hydrogen atoms.

In the structural formula, the seven carbon atoms are placed next to each other and a double bond is placed between two of them, and then, the hydrogen atoms are placed to give each carbon four bonds.

So, the structural formula is as follows:

In the first isomer, the seven carbon atoms are placed next to each other and a double bond is placed between two of them, and then, the hydrogen atoms are placed to bond with each four carbon -bonds.

The name of the structure is 1-heptene because it has seven carbon atoms and ene indicates a double bond.

The structural formula for the first isomer is as follows:

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Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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