close solutoin list

The infrared spectrum for methanol. CH 3 OH, is illustrated below. It shows the amount of light in the infrared region that methanol transmits as a function of wavelength. The vertical axis is the amount of light transmitted. At points near the top of the graph, most of the incident light is being transmitted by the sample (or, conversely, little light is absorbed). Therefore, the ″peaks″ or ″bands″ that descend from the top indicate light absorbed; the longer the band, the more light is being absorbed. The horizontal scale is in units of ″wavenumbers,″ abbreviated cm −1 . The energy of light is given by Planck′s law as E = hc /λ; that is, E is proportional to 1/λ. Therefore, the horizontal scale is in units of 1/λ and reflects the energy of the light incident on the sample. (a) One point on the horizontal axis is marked as 2000 cm −1 . What is the wavelength of light at this point? (b) Which is the low energy end of this spectrum (left or right), and which is the high energy end? (c) The broad absorption at about 3300-3400 cm −1 indicates that infrared radiation is interacting with the OH group of the methanol molecule. The narrower absorptions around 2800-3000 cm −1 are for interactions with C—H bonds. Which interaction requires more energy, with O—H or with C—H?

BuyFind

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399074
BuyFind

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 6, Problem 73IL
Textbook Problem

The infrared spectrum for methanol. CH3OH, is illustrated below. It shows the amount of light in the infrared region that methanol transmits as a function of wavelength. The vertical axis is the amount of light transmitted. At points near the top of the graph, most of the incident light is being transmitted by the sample (or, conversely, little light is absorbed). Therefore, the ″peaks″ or ″bands″ that descend from the top indicate light absorbed; the longer the band, the more light is being absorbed. The horizontal scale is in units of ″wavenumbers,″ abbreviated cm−1. The energy of light is given by Planck′s law as E = hc/λ; that is, E is proportional to 1/λ. Therefore, the horizontal scale is in units of 1/λ and reflects the energy of the light incident on the sample.

Chapter 6, Problem 73IL, The infrared spectrum for methanol. CH3OH, is illustrated below. It shows the amount of light in the

  1. (a) One point on the horizontal axis is marked as 2000 cm−1. What is the wavelength of light at this point?
  2. (b) Which is the low energy end of this spectrum (left or right), and which is the high energy end?
  3. (c) The broad absorption at about 3300-3400 cm−1 indicates that infrared radiation is interacting with the OH group of the methanol molecule. The narrower absorptions around 2800-3000 cm−1 are for interactions with C—H bonds. Which interaction requires more energy, with O—H or with C—H?

Expert Solution

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

See Solution

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects.

Chapter 6 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Show fewer chapter solutions
Ch. 6.1 - (a) Which color in the visible spectrum has the...Ch. 6.2 - Calculate the energy per mole of photons for the...Ch. 6.3 - Calculate the energy of the n = 3 state of the H...Ch. 6.3 - The Lyman series of spectral lines for the H atom,...Ch. 6.4 - Calculate the wavelength associated with a neutron...Ch. 6.7 - Which has the longer wavelength, visible light or...Ch. 6.7 - Calculate the energy per mole of photons (in...Ch. 6.7 - The main lines in the emission spectrum of sodium...Ch. 6.7 - Does the main emission line for SrCl2 have a...Ch. 6.7 - Mg is oxidized by KCIO4, to make white flashes....Ch. 6.7 - Helium absorbs light at 587.6 nm. What is the...Ch. 6.7 - Iron atoms absorb light at a frequency of 5.688 ×...Ch. 6.7 - Sodium atoms are responsible for a closely spaced...Ch. 6.7 - Hydrogen has an absorption line at 434.1 nm. What...Ch. 6.7 - What are the final and initial electronic states...Ch. 6 - Answer the following questions based on Figure...Ch. 6 - Consider the colors of the visible spectrum. (a)...Ch. 6 - Traffic signals are often now made of LEDs...Ch. 6 - Suppose you are standing 225 m from a radio...Ch. 6 - Green light has a wavelength of 5.0 102 nm. What...Ch. 6 - Violet light has wavelength of about 410 nm. What...Ch. 6 - The most prominent line in the emission spectrum...Ch. 6 - The most prominent line in the emission spectrum...Ch. 6 - Place the following types of radiation in order of...Ch. 6 - Place the following types of radiation in order of...Ch. 6 - An energy of 3.3 1019 J/atom is required to cause...Ch. 6 - You are an engineer designing a switch that works...Ch. 6 - The most prominent line in the spectrum of mercury...Ch. 6 - The most prominent line in the spectrum of neon is...Ch. 6 - A line in the Balmer series of emission lines of...Ch. 6 - What are the wavelength and frequency of the...Ch. 6 - Consider only transitions involving the n = 1...Ch. 6 - Consider only transitions involving the n = 1...Ch. 6 - The energy emitted when an electron moves from a...Ch. 6 - If energy is absorbed by a hydrogen atom in its...Ch. 6 - Calculate the wavelength and frequency of light...Ch. 6 - Calculate the wavelength and frequency of light...Ch. 6 - An electron moves with a velocity of 2.5 X 108...Ch. 6 - A beam of electrons (m = 9.11 X 1031 kg/electron)...Ch. 6 - Calculate the wavelength, in nanometers,...Ch. 6 - A rifle bullet (mass = 1.50 g) has a velocity of...Ch. 6 - (a) When n = 4, what are the possible values of ?...Ch. 6 - (a) When n = 4, = 2, and m = 1, to what orbital...Ch. 6 - A possible excited state of the H atom has the...Ch. 6 - A possible excited state for the H atom has an...Ch. 6 - How many subshells occur in the electron shell...Ch. 6 - How many subshells occur in the electron shell...Ch. 6 - Explain briefly why each of the following is not a...Ch. 6 - Which of the following represent valid sets of...Ch. 6 - What is the maximum number of orbitals that can be...Ch. 6 - What is the maximum number of orbitals that can be...Ch. 6 - Explain briefly why each of the following is not a...Ch. 6 - Explain briefly why each of the following is not a...Ch. 6 - State which of the following orbitals cannot exist...Ch. 6 - State which of the following orbitals cannot exist...Ch. 6 - Write a complete set of quantum numbers (n, , m)...Ch. 6 - Write a complete set of quantum numbers (n, , and...Ch. 6 - A particular orbital has n = 4 and = 2. What must...Ch. 6 - A given orbital has a magnetic quantum number of m...Ch. 6 - How many nodal surfaces through the nucleus...Ch. 6 - How many nodal surfaces through the nucleus...Ch. 6 - Which of the following are applicable when...Ch. 6 - In what region of the electromagnetic spectrum for...Ch. 6 - Give the number of nodal surfaces through the...Ch. 6 - What is the maximum number of s orbitals found in...Ch. 6 - Match the values of l shown in the table with...Ch. 6 - Sketch a picture of the 90% boundary surface of an...Ch. 6 - Complete the following table.Ch. 6 - Excited H atoms have many emission lines. One...Ch. 6 - An advertising sign gives off red light and green...Ch. 6 - Radiation in the ultraviolet region of the...Ch. 6 - A cell phone sends signals at about 850 MHz (where...Ch. 6 - Assume your eyes receive a signal consisting of...Ch. 6 - If sufficient energy is absorbed by an atom, an...Ch. 6 - Suppose hydrogen atoms absorb energy so that...Ch. 6 - Rank the following orbitals in the H atom in order...Ch. 6 - How many orbitals correspond to each of the...Ch. 6 - Cobalt-60 is a radioactive isotope used in...Ch. 6 - Exposure to high doses of microwaves can cause...Ch. 6 - When the Sojourner spacecraft landed on Mars in...Ch. 6 - The most prominent line in the emission spectrum...Ch. 6 - Answer the following questions as a summary quiz...Ch. 6 - Answer the following questions as a summary quiz...Ch. 6 - For an electron in a hydrogen atom, calculate the...Ch. 6 - A solution of KMnO4 absorbs light at 540 nm (page...Ch. 6 - A large pickle is attached to two electrodes,...Ch. 6 - The spectrum shown here is for aspirin. The...Ch. 6 - The infrared spectrum for methanol. CH3OH, is...Ch. 6 - Bohr pictured the electrons of the atom as being...Ch. 6 - Light is given off by a sodium- or...Ch. 6 - How do we interpret the physical meaning of the...Ch. 6 - What does wave-particle duality mean? What are its...Ch. 6 - In principle, which of the following can he...Ch. 6 - Suppose you live in a different universe where a...Ch. 6 - A photon with a wavelength of 93.8 nm strikes a...Ch. 6 - Explain why you could or could not measure the...Ch. 6 - The radioactive element technetium is not found...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions
What is the declination of the sun on october 30th?

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Insufficient dietary protein can have severe consequences, but excess dietary protein cannot cause harm. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Which form of immunity is characteristic of vertebrates only?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

(a) Find the magnitude of the electric force between a Na+ ion and a Cl ion separated by 0.50 nm. (b) Would the...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

True or false? The plasma membrane is the outermost component of all cells. Explain.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)

Is a seiche dangerous?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

Why are features like the Moons maria not observed on Mercury?

Foundations of Astronomy (MindTap Course List)