The wavelength of sodium atom at high -temperature source is 1139 nm and the transition of atoms occurs from 4s to 3p state. The ratio of excited state 4s to the ground state 3s for sodium atom is to be calculated the range of temperature of acetylene-oxygen flame of 3000 ? and at an inductively coupled plasma source of 8750 ?.
Boltzmann equation is used for the calculation of the ratio. This equation tells that how much an atom or ion is populated as a function of temperature. This equation is given as-
And the calculation of energy of atom and ion is done by the following formula-
h= Planck’s constant
c = light velocity
Ej= energy difference of excited state and ground state
Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*
*Response times may vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes for paid subscribers and may be longer for promotional offers.